طراحی برنامه درسی آموزش محیط‌زیست برای دوره تحصیلی ابتدایی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه یزد

2 گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه یزد

3 گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر طراحی برنامه درسی آموزش محیط‌زیست برای دوره تحصیلی ابتدایی ایران بود. روش غالب پژوهش، کیفی بود اما در بخش دوم پژوهش، به منظور اعتباریابی از روش کمی نیز استفاده شد. ابتدا مبانی نظری، پیشینه های پژوهشی، تجارب کشورهای پیشگام و همچنین اسناد بالادستی در ایران مطالعه شد و برنامه درسی آموزش محیط زیست به صورت پیش نویس اولیه طراحی گردید. سپس طرح مورد نظر، از طریق دریافت نظر 30 نفر از کارشناسان (متخصصان برنامه درسی، کارشناسان آموزش محیط زیست و معلمان دوره ابتدایی) که به شیوه نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند، اعتبار یابی شد. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی و پایایی آن تایید شد. نتایج پژوهش، مولفه های اساسی برنامه درسی آموزش محیط زیست را در پنج بخش مبانی، اهداف، محتوا، روش تدریس و روش ارزشیابی مشخص کرد. همچنین، اعتبار طرح مورد نظر در سطح معناداری (100/0)، با عدد 99% تایید شد. در پایان، بر اساس یافته های پژوهش پیشنهادهای کاربردی ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing the Environmental Education Curriculum for Elementary Schools in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • B. Karim 1
  • M. Kian 2
  • M. Aliasgari 3
1 Yazd University
2 Educational Sciences, Yazd University
3 Curriculum Studies, Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to design the Environmental education curriculum for Elementary education in Iran. The research method was a qualitative one, whereas in the second part of the research, a quantitative analysis was used. First, the theoretical foundations, documents and experiences of the pioneering countries were analysed for the Initial draft of the curriculum. Then, the designed curriculum was validated by 30 experts who were selected through purposeful sampling. The results showed the five elements of the curriculum, which were the basics, the goals, the content, the instruction and the evaluation method. In addition, the validation of the design was obtained 0/99. At the end, some practical suggestions were offered based on the findings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Education
  • Curriculum design
  • Elementary Schools
  • Education System

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