عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار ‌محیط‌زیستی شالیکاران شهرستان ساری به منظور پایداری شالیکاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

10.30473/ee.2020.6564

چکیده

انسان بدون هیچ‌گونه تغییر در تفکر و رفتار نمی‌تواند مشکلات محیط­زیستی خود را حل کند. تحقیق حاضر به منظور بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط­زیستی شالیکاران شهرستان ساری به منظور پایداری شالیکاری صورت گرفته است. مطالعه حاضر از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی بوده که به روش همبستگی- توصیفی انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل شالیکاران شهرستان ساری (24502N=) که تعداد 289 نفر از آنها بر اساس فرمول کوکران به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسش‌نامه­ استفاده شد که روایی آن توسط اساتید فن و صاحب­نظران تأیید شد و برای سنجش پایایی پرسش‌نامه، پس از انجام آزمون مقدماتی تعداد 30 نسخه از آن توسط شالیکاران شهرستان میاندرود تکمیل شد. نتایج حاصل از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسش‌نامه مذکور 74/0 به دست آمد. نتایج نشان داد که 5/58 درصد از شالیکاران در حد متوسطی رفتار حفاظت محیط­زیستی را دارا هستند. تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که بین تعداد اعضای خانواده شالیکاران، عملکرد، کل درآمد سالانه شالیکاری در سال، ویژگی­ اجتماعی، روش­های­ آموزشی، نگرش و منابع اطلاعاتی با رفتار محیط­زیستی رابطه معنی­داری وجود دارد. تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه گام‌به‌گام نیز نشان داد که سه متغیر روش­های آموزشی، کل درآمد سالانه شالیکاری در سال و میزان عملکرد محصول برنج 27 درصد واریانس سطح رفتارهای حفظ محیط‌زیستی شالیکاران را تبیین می­کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting the Environmental Behavior of Rice Cultivators in County of Sari in Order to Sustainability of Paddy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Negin Farsi 1
  • Mehdi Charmchian Langerodi 2
1 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Humans cannot solve environmental problems without any change in their thoughts and behaviors. The present study has been done to investigate the factors influencing environmental behavior of rice cultivators in order to sustainability of paddy in the County of Sari. This research is applied researches kind that has been done in descriptive-correlational method. The population of the research consisted of rice cultivators in County of Sari (N =24502) that 269 of them were chosen based on Cochran formula. A questionnaire was used to collect data; its validity was confirmed by experts and scholars and for the reliability of the questionnaire, after a pilot test, the 30 copy of which was completed by rice cultivators of Miyanrood County. The Cronbach’s alpha for the mentioned questionnaire was reported as 0.74. The results showed that 58.5 percent of rice cultivators are at an average level of environmental protection. Correlation analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between number of family members of rice cultivators, performance, total annual income of paddy per year, social feature, training methods, attitudes and information resources with environmental behavior. Multiple step by step regression analysis showed that 27 percent of the variance in the level of environmental protection behaviors of rice cultivators was explained by three variables of training methods, total annual income of paddy per year and performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Training
  • Information Resources
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Environmental Behavior
  • rice cultivators
Abedi-Sarvestani, A. and Shahvali, M. (2008). “Environmental ethics: Toward an Islamic perspective”. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, 3(4), 609-617.

Agricultural Jahad Organization of Mazandaran Province. (2016). “The number of Rice cultivators of Sari Township”, Ministry of Agriculture Jahad. [In Persian].

Asadi, A., Akbari, M., Sharifzadeh, A. and Alambeigi, A. (2009). “Introduction to systemic perspective in agricultural extension and development (AKIS orientation)”. Publications of Tehran University Jihad. [In Persian].

Asiabaka, C. (2002). “Promoting sustainable extension approach: Farmer Field School (FFS) and its role in sustainable agriculture development in African”. Department of Agricultural Economic and Extension, Federal University of Technology P.M.B, Owerri, Nigeria. Retrieved from http://www.codesria.org/.

Badregheh, A. and Kaviani, P. (2012). “Investigation of social participation and its impact on the adoption of integrated pest management (Case Study: Varamin Township)”. National Conference on Environment and Plant Production. [In Persian].

Basaki, T., Moghaddasi, J., Nejat, M. A., Barghani Farahani, M. and Najami, M. (2016). “Evaluation the Role of Mass Education in Rural Development and Agricultural Activities in Markazi Province”, Journal of Environmental Education & Sustainable Development, 5(1), 68-79. [In Persian].

Burton, R. (2014). “The influence of farmer demographic characteristics on environmental behavior: A review”.  Journal of Environmental Management, 135, 19-26.

Dinpanah, Gh., Mirdamadi, M., Badragheh, A., Masoud Sinaki, J. and Aboeye, F. (2010). “Analysis of effect of farmer field school approach on adoption of biological control on rice producer’ characteristics in Iran”. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 7 (3), 247-254. [In Persian].

Ghimire, B. and Kafle, N. (2014). “Integrated pest management practice and its adoption determinants among apple farmers in Mustang District of Nepal”. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, 1(2), 83-89.

Halpenny, E. A. (2006). “Environmental behaviour, place attachment and park visitation: a case study of visitors to Point Pelee National Park”. Ms.C. Thesis, Waterloo University.

Kaiser, F., Wolfing, S. and Fuhrer, U. (1999). “Environmental Attitude and Ecological Behavior”. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 1-9.

Korfmacher, K. S. (2000). “Farmland preservation and sustainable agriculture: Grassroots and policy connections”. Alternative Agriculture, 15, 37-43.

Larson, L., Stedman, R., Cooper, C. and Decker, D. (2015). “Understanding the mul-ti dimensional structure of pro-environmental behavior”. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 43, 112-124.

Minaee, A. M. and Sabouri, M. S. (2010). “Evaluation of Effective Psychological Factors in Agricultural Specialists’ Viewpoints on Sustainable Agriculture in Semnan Province”. Journal of Modern Industrial/Organization Psychology, 1, 57-63.

Mirfardi, A. (2016). “The Study of Relationship of Socio-economic Status and Sense of Social Responsibility with Environmental Behavior (the Case Study: Noorabad Mamasani's Residents)”. Journal of Environmental Education & Sustainable Development, 5(1), 101-114. [In Persian].

Mirzaee, E. A. and Tahmasb, M. (2011). “Farmer field school, approach to sustainable agriculture”. The First National Conference on Strategies for Achieving Sustainable Agriculture. [In Persian].

Molina, M. A. V., Sainz, A. F. and Olaizola, J. I. (2013). “Environmental knowledge and other variables affecting pro-environmental behaviour: comparison of university students from emerging and advanced countries”. Journal of Cleaner Production, 61, 30-138.

Nazarian, M., Ajili, A. A., Akbari, M. and Rostami, F. (2013). “Knowledge, attitude and environmental safety behaviors of vegetable growers in use of pesticides in South West of Iran”. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 4(8), 1844-1854.

Nemati, A. and Ghorbani, M. (2012). “Attunement of economic and environmental behavior of farmers in weed management”. Agricultural Economic researches, 4(3), 39-58. [In Persian].

Nguyen, T. H. (2009). “Human ecological analysis of land and forest use by the Hmong people for harmonising with the governmental reforestation program in Vietnam”. Ph. D. Dissertation, Geo-und Hydrowissenschaften der Technischen Dresden.

Pontius. J., Dilts, R. and Bartlett, A. (2000). “From farmer field schools to community IPM: Ten years of building community IPM”. Jakarta: FAO Community IPM programme.

Praneetvatakul, S. and Waibel, H. (2006). “Farm level and environmental impacts of farmer field schools in Thailand”. Development and Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Hannover, Germany.

Salehi Omran, E. and Aghamaohammadi, A. (2008). “Environmental Knowledge, attitudes and skills of teachers in elementary schools in the Mazandaran Province”. Quarterly Journal of Education, 24 (3), 91-117. [In Persian].

Salehi, S. (2010). “People and the environment: A study of environmental attitudes and behaviour in Iran”. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Salehi, S. and Emamgholi, L. (2011). “Experimental study of the relationship between awareness and environmental behaviors (study of urban and rural areas of Sanandaj City)”. Journal of Social Issues, 3(1), 121-147. [In Persian].

Salehi, S. and Emamgholi, L. (2012). “An Empirical Study of environmental awareness and behavior (rural and urban areas of the city of Sanandaj)”. Iranian Journal of Social Problems, 3(1), 121-147. [In Persian].

Salehi, S. and Emamgholi, L. (2016). “A Study of influencing individual and social norms on environmental friendly behavior”. Journal of Environmental Education & Sustainable Development, 5(1), 12-20. [In Persian].

Steg, L. and Vlek, C. (2009). “Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: An integrative review and research agenda”. Journal of Environmental Esychology, 29(3), 309-317.

Suwarto, W. A. (2013). “The Effect of Environmental Knowledge and Attitude towards Pro-Environmental Behavior with Social Economic Status as Moderation in Peasant Community in Banjarsari Regency, Surakarta 2013”. Journal of Education and Practice, 4(17), 179-189.

Usui. M. A., Vinken H. and Kuribayashi, A. (2003). “Pro-environment attitudes and behaviors: an international comparison”, Research in Human Ecology, 1, 30-40.

Veisi, H., Mahmoodi, H. and Sharifi Moghaddam, M. (2011). “A determination of the farmers' behavior in adoption related to the technologies of integrated pest management”. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economic and Development Research, 41-2(4), 481-490. [In Persian].

Yazdani, H. and Shams, A. (2016). “The effect of social capital on the environmental behavior of villagers in Marivan City”. Journal of Environmental Education & Sustainable Development, 4(4), 75-85. [In Persian].

Ziapour, A., Kianipour, N. and Nikbakht, M. R. (2012). “The sociological analysis of the environment and behavior of individuals towards this in rural and urban areas of Kermanshah Province”. Journal of Scientific-extension environmental education and sustainable development, 1(2), 55-67. [In Persian].