مطالعه‌ سطح نگرش زیست‌محور دانش‌آموزان دبیرستانی در شهر تهران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی مسائل اجتماعی ایران، دانشگاه اصفهان

3 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی اقتصادی و توسعه، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

4 کارشناس ارشد جامعه‌شناسی و دبیر آموزش‌وپرورش استان تهران، دانشگاه پیام نور

10.30473/ee.2020.6570

چکیده

امروزه مسائل محیط­زیستی ریشه­های اجتماعی دارند و بنابراین شناخت نگرش­های افراد در مورد محیط‌زیست، مهم است. در این راستا، این پژوهش با هدف بررسی عوامل مرتبط با نگرش زیست­محور در بین دانش­آموزان دبیرستانی انجام شد. جامعه­ی آماری این پژوهش، دانش­آموزان دبیرستانی شهر تهران بودند که حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، 450 نفر به دست آمد و روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای تصادفی بود. روش تحقیق پیمایشی و ابزار گردآوری داده­ها پرسش‌نامه بود. اعتبار پرسش‌نامه از نوع صوری و پایایی آن با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ اندازه­گیری شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که متغیرهای بهره­مندی از منابع آگاهی­بخش و تصور از عملکرد محیط­زیستی خانواده، دارای رابطه معنادار با دانش محیط­زیستی هستند؛ همچنین دانش محیط­زیستی و ارزش­های محیط­زیستی، رابطه معناداری با نگرش زیست­محور داشتند. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیونی نشان داد که با توجه به ضریب تعیین تعدیل­شده­ی متغیرها در معادله­ی رگرسیون، 18 درصد از واریانس متغیر وابسته توسط متغیرهای مستقل تبیین می­شود و ارزش­های محیط­زیستی، بیشترین اثر کلی را بر روی نگرش زیست­محور دارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of Level of Environmental Attitude of High School Students in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Mirzaei 1
  • Hamed Sayarkhalaj 2
  • Majid Fatemi Khesal 3
  • Mohammad Khanmohammadi 4
1 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Ferdowsi University
2 Ph.D. Student in Sociology, Isfahan University
3 Ph.D. Student in Sociology, Ferdowsi University
4 M. A. in Sociology, Payam Noor University
چکیده [English]

Today, environmental problems have social roots and, thus, it is important to know the attitudes of individuals about the environment. In this regard, the research with the aim of study the factors related with environmental attitude in the high school students the has been done. The statistical population of this research, were high school students of Tehran that 450 individuals were selected by using of cluster random sampling by using of Cochran formula. The research is of survey type and questionnaire is the tool of data collecting. The questionnaire Validity is of formal type and its reliability is measured using Cronbach's alpha. The results show that is benefit from informed sources and Imagination of the family's environmental performance has a significant relationship with the environmental awareness. Also environemtal awareness and environemtal values has a significant relationship with the environmental attitude. Results of regression analysis show that, according to the adjusted coefficient of determination variables in the regression equation, 18% of the variance of the dependent variable is determined by the independent variables; and environmental values, has the greatest total effect on the environmental attitude.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Education
  • Environmental values
  • Environmental Awareness
  • Environmental Performance
  • Environmental attitude

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