طراحی مدل توسعه کارآفرینی سبز در بخش کشاورزی (مطالعه موردی: شهرستان کرمانشاه)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت و کارآفرینی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری آینده‌پژوهی، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران

10.30473/ee.2020.7248

چکیده

امروزه کارآفرینی سبز به‌عنوان راهبردی اثربخش برای توسعه اقتصادی- اجتماعی کشورها شناخته‌شده است و توسعه آن می­تواند نقش مهمی در اشتغال­زایی پایدار، کاهش مشکلات محیط‌زیستی، کاهش بیماری­ها و باروری بیشتر زمین­های کشاورزی داشته باشد. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر طراحی مدل توسعه کارآفرینی سبز در بخش کشاورزی شهرستان کرمانشاه بود. این پژوهش برحسب هدف کاربردی و رویکرد کلی آن کیفی بوده و با استفاده از روش نظریه­ داده بنیاد انجام‌گرفته است. در این پژوهش، با استفاده از روش­های نمونه­گیری هدفمند و گلوله برفی، با 14 نفر از متخصصان حوزه کشاورزی و کارآفرینی سبز مصاحبه عمیق و نیمه­ساختارمند به عمل آمد. داده­های حاصل از مصاحبه­ها از طریق کدگذاری باز، محوری و انتخابی، تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. الگوی پارادایمی توسعه کارآفرینی سبز از شرایط علی (ظرفیت علمی- پژوهشی دانشگاه­ها، موقعیت راهبردی شهرستان کرمانشاه، وجود عوامل محیطی و طبیعی، وجود نیروی انسانی، وجود تجهیزات کشاورزی و روش­های جایگزین، وجود کارشناسان خبره)، عوامل زمینه (وجود زمینه­های صادرات، جهانی‌شدن)، متغیرهای مداخله­گر (گسترش مسائل حمایتی ازنظر فنی و اقتصادی، برنامه­ریزی­ها و سیاست‌گذاری‌ها در جهت توسعه کارآفرینی سبز، توقف حمایت از تولیدکنندگان سموم شیمیایی)، راهبردها (ترویج و فرهنگ­سازی، آموزش کشاورزان، ایجاد توانایی در تمایز محصولات، ایجاد قوانین و مقررات تعریف‌شده، برنامه­ریزی در زمینه تأیید و فروش محصولات سبز، ایجاد تشکل­ها، یکپارچه کردن زمین­های کشاورزی) و  پیامدها (ایجاد اشتغال، تضمین سلامتی انسان و محیط­زیست، توسعه پایدار روستایی، نوآوری و ارزش‌آفرینی و بسترسازی برای پرورش نسل سالم کودکان و نوجوانان) برای شهرستان کرمانشاه تشکیل‌شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Green Entrepreneurship Model in Agricultural Sector (Case Study: Kermanshah County)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bijan Rezaee 1
  • Nader Naderi 1
  • Sahar Rostami 2
1 Assistant Professor of Management and Entrepreneurship, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Future Studies, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
چکیده [English]

Green entrepreneurship is now recognized as an effective strategy for the socio-economic development of countries, and its development can play an important role in sustainable employment creation, reducing environmental problems, reducing illnesses caused by unhealthy food and fertilizing more agricultural land. The main purpose of the present research Developing a Green entrepreneurship model in agricultural sector (Case Study: Kermanshah County). This research is based on the Practical purpose and The overall approach is qualitative and Grunded Theory has been done. using Purpose foul and snowball sampling methods, Deep and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 experts from the field of agriculture and green entrepreneurship. The data from the interviews were analyzed through open, Axial and selective coding. Paradigm pattern of green entrepreneurship development from the causal conditions (scientific capacity of universities, strategic position of Kermanshah city, existence of environmental and natural factors, human resources, availability of agricultural equipment and alternative methods, presence of expert experts), factors of existence Export fields, globalization), interventional variables (development of technical and economic support issues, planning and policy development for the development of green entrepreneurship, stopping protection from chemical pesticide producers), strategies (promotion) And culture, training farmers, creating the ability to differentiate products, creating rules and regulations, and Letter-writing on the approval and sale of green products, the formation of associations, the integration of agricultural land) and the consequences (employment creation, human and environmental health, sustainable rural development, innovation and value creation, and fostering a generation Healthy children and adolescents) for the city of Kermanshah.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Green Entrepreneurship
  • Kermanshah Township
  • Grounded Theory
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