Importance of Environmental Education in the Creation of Environmental Attitude and Behavior on Solid Waste Management

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی


1 دانشگاه پیام نور و مرکز منطقه ای بازل

2 گروه آموزش محیط زیست و کرسی یونسکو در آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور


When we can make emphasis on recycling and processing materials, that enough energy and materials are not available. Rapid population growth and excess urban development are a significant cause of the destruction of the environment and natural resources. To achieve sustainable development, the human need to manage the waste. One way to manage waste can be done through environmental education; of course, this possibility depends on a positive attitude in this regard. This is applied research. The semi-experimental research method was employed in this study, which was carried out using a pretest-posttest design involving control and experimental groups. The statistical population consisted of girls and boys in the sixth grade of two elementary schools, and a prepared questionnaire was employed as the tool for measuring the students' environmental attitude and behavior concerning the methods for less waste production, reuse, and recycling before and after the education program. The related experts and its reliability confirmed the validity of the questionnaire by Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.8. The students were taught topics on resources available in the world, the scarcity of these resources, and the methods for less waste production, reuse, and recycling. The obtained data was analyzed for the independent groups using Levene's test and T-test. Results indicated that there is a significant difference between the girls and boys' mean environmental attitude and behavior concerning less using and less waste production, reuse and recycling waste before and after the education program. Overall attitude and behavior levels of the girls and boys concerning the taught subjects increased after the education program. However, the environmental attitude and behavior level of the boys in this regard increased more compared to the girls.


عنوان مقاله [English]

اهمیت آموزش محیط‌زیست در ایجاد نگرش و رفتار محیط‌زیستی در خصوص مدیریت پسماندهای جامد

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khatereh Feyzbakhsh Vaghef 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri 2
1 Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Education and Head of UNESCO Chair on Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abdoli, M.A. (2006). Municipal solid waste recovery(Reduce-Reuse-Recycle).University of Tehran.p1, 2.

Anonymous.(2014).Planet Protectors Club. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recourses For Kids. Available online at ‏

Cutter – Mackenzie, A. (2010). Australian waste wise schools program: Its past, present, and future. The Journal of Environmental Education, 41(3), 165-178.

Evans, S. M., Gill, M.E., Marchant, J.( 1996). School children as educators: The indirect influence of environmental education in schools on parents' attitude towards the environment, Jbiol Education, 3094). 

Ferrer, P.(2015).Student waste management practices: Association to Demographic Profile. International Journal of Science and Technology, (1),125-134.

Glenn, A. V. (2009). Proximity to environmental hazards and reported illness in peri-urban households of the Dominican Republic.[April 12, 2012]

Ismail, R.(1999). Communication strategies in implementation of the 3Rs Mobius programme (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) in Malaysian secondary's schools. MS.c. Thesis.Putra University, Malaysia.  

Khaki, G. (2012). Researching methods with the approach of the dissertation. Third edition. Tehran: Foojan publisher.

Mbalisi, F.O. (2009).Methods and materials for environmental adult education. Unpublished municipal. The University of Port Harcourt.

Mrema, K.(2008). An assessment of student’s Environmental attitude and behaviors and the effectiveness of their School Recycling programs. MSc. Thesis. Dalhousie University, Canada.

Oreyomi, M.K. (1998). Selected Topics on Environmental Health. Lagos: Kinson press.

Palmer, J. A. (2010). Environmental Education in the 21st Century.Translated by  Khorshiddost, A., Second Edition. Tehran: Samt publisher.

Rezai, M .liaghati, H and .Mostafavi, H. (2013).Environmental education and sustainable development, promotion of society Environmental culture, environmental education book. First Volume . Tehran: Kianmehr publisher.

Roch, D. (2006). A guide for a large organization to reduce, reuse and recycle. Available online at

Scholz, R. W.(2011). Environmental Literacy in Science and Society, From knowledge to decision book. Cambridge :Cambridge University Press.

Simpson, F.S. and Java, R.(2002). New state law promotes school recycling and better k-12 Environmental Education: Sen. Torlakson, Cal/EPA horar concord High's recycling efforts. California integrated waste management board. Available online at

United Nations: Department of Economics and Social Affairs Division for Sustainable development .(2009). Waste (solid).[April 20, 2012]

Waste Awareness Business.(2009).Waste Hierarchy- What level have you reached? http://wasteaware business. 03/04/waste- hierachy-what-level-are-you-at[May 3, 2012] 

WRAP. (2008). Report into the nature and scale of waste produced by schools in England. Available online at http://

Zamani  Moghadam,  A. and Saeedi, M.(2011). Determine the effect of the environment on increasing the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of the teachers of primary schools in the tenth area of ministry of education. The first national conference and the third specialized exhibition environmental education. Payame  Noor University.