بررسی تحلیلی ارتباط آلودگی محیط‌زیست و رشد اقتصادی (فرضیه کوزنتس) با تأکید بر نقش آموزش

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور

2 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور

3 3. کارشناس ارشد،گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه پیام نور

10.30473/ee.2019.6328

چکیده

یکی از موضوعات موردتوجه مجامع بین‌المللی و دیدگاه غالب طرفداران محیط‌زیست، افزایش آلودگی و کاهش کیفیت محیط‌زیست به سبب رشد و توسعه یک‌جانبه صنعت است که با وجود تأثیرگذاری فراوان بر رشد و توسعه اقتصادی مناطق، منجر به ایجاد مخاطرات بسیاری برای ساکنان کره زمین شده و با کاهش باروری محیط‌زیست، به تخریب محیط‌زیست می‌انجامد. اما دیدگاه مطرح‌شده، با دیدگاه اقتصاددانان توسعه که بیان می‌کنند که در مراحل اولیه توسعه، ارمغان رشد، وخامت در محیط‌زیست است، اما سپس به سطح خاصی از اوج می‌رسد و در این نقطه، رشد تمایل به بهبود در محیط‌زیست دارد (فرضیه U وارون)، بالأخص برای مناطق درحال‌توسعه مانند کشور ایران، مغایر بوده و همین امر، پژوهشگران تحقیق حاضر را به بحث و بررسی پیرامون ارتباط میان رشد اقتصادی و آلودگی محیط‌زیست در کشور ایران و تأیید یا رد فرضیه U وارون کوزنتس، با کاربرد شاخص‌های صنعتی شدن، وضعیت اقتصادی و مصرف انرژی و آموزش در دوره زمانی 1365 تا 1395 و مدل‌سازی این فرضیه واداشت؛ نتایج حاصل از تخمین مدل تحقیق نشان‌دهنده تأیید فرضیه کوزنتس و معنی‌داری نقش صنعتی شدن، مصرف انرژی (به‌صورت معکوس) و وضعیت اقتصادی و عدم تأثیرگذاری شاخص آموزش (به شیوه کنونی)، در بهبود کیفیت محیط‌زیست می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analytical Study on the Relationship between Environmental Pollution and Economic Growth (Kuznets Hypotheses) Emphasizing the Role of Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Abolhasani 1
  • Samira Motaghi 2
  • Ehsan Farhadi 3
1 Associate Professor of Economics Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Economics Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 M.A. of Economic Department, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Increased pollution and environmental degradation due to the unilateral development of the industry is one of the issues of interest from international assemblies, conservation organizations and the prevailing view of environmentalists. This, despite the great influence on the economic growth and development of the regions, has created a great deal of danger for the inhabitants of the planet and destroyed the environment by reducing the fertility of the environment. But the expressed view, with the view of development economists, that it is said that in the early stages of development, it is accompanied by a deterioration in the environment, but then reaches a certain level of growth, and at this point, growth tends to improve in the environment (U-inversion hypothesis), especially for developing countries like Iran, and the same, researchers have discussed the relationship between economic growth and air pollution in Iran and the confirmation or rejection of the U-inversion Kuznets hypothesis, with application Indicators of industrialization, economic status, and energy consumption during the period from 1365 to 1395;The results of the estimation of the research model confirm the Kuznets hypothesis in Iran, as well as the significance of the role of industrialization of the country and energy consumption (in reverse) and And the lack of influence of the education indicator (in a current manner) in improving the quality of the environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Pollution
  • Economic Growth
  • Iran
  • Kuznets
  • Education
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