تدوین مدل اخلاق محیط‌زیستی بر اساس تفکر مراقبتی به‌واسطه تفکر انتقادی دانش‌آموزان دوره دوم متوسطه شهر همدان

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم تربیتی گرایش برنامه‌ریزی درسی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

3 دانشیار روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

10.30473/ee.2020.7225

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر تدوین مدل اخلاق محیط­زیستی بر اساس تفکر مراقبتی به‌واسطه تفکر انتقادی دانش ­آموزان دوره دوم متوسطه شهر همدان بود. روش این تحقیق از نوع همبستگی بود و داده­های آن به شیوه میدانی و با استفاده از پرسشنامه جمع ­آوری گردید. نمونه آماری مطالعه شامل 986 نفر از دانش­آموزان دوره دوم متوسطه شهر همدان بودند که به روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه­ گیری برای جمع ­آوری داده ­ها، پرسشنامه اخلاق محیط­زیستی، پرسشنامه تفکر مراقبتی و پرسشنامه تفکر انتقادی بود. روایی صوری پرسشنامه‌ها توسط 15 تن از اساتید علوم تربیتی تأیید شد. همچنین، پایایی آن‌ها با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامه اخلاق محیط­زیستی، تفکر مراقبتی و پرسشنامه تفکر انتقادی به ترتیب  895/0 α=،  915/0 α=  و 923/0 α= تعیین شد. داده­ ها با بهره­ گیری از روش مدل معادلات ساختاری با استفاده از نرم ­افزارهای SPSS و  Smart PLS تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که مدل ساختاری اخلاق محیط­زیستی بر اساس تفکر مراقبتی به‌واسطه تفکر انتقادی دانش ­آموزان دوره دوم متوسطه شهر همدان از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است. بر اساس این مدل، تفکر مراقبتی و همچنین تفکر انتقادی اثر معناداری بر اخلاق محیط­زیستی دارند، اما تفکر مراقبتی اثر معناداری بر تفکر انتقادی ندارد. بنابراین، می­توان نتیجه­ گیری کرد که از تفکر مراقبتی و انتقادی برای تبیین و پیش­بینی اخلاق محیط­زیستی دانش ­آموزان دوره دوم متوسطه می­توان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Develop Model of Environmental Ethics Based on Caring Thinking through Critical Thinking for the Second Grade of High School Students in Hamadan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iraj Firoozfar 1
  • Alireza Faghihi 2
  • Nasrolah Erfani 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Educational Psychology, Payame Noor University, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to develop an environmental ethics model based on caring thinking through critical thinking of second-grade high school students in Hamadan. The research method was correlational and the data were collected by field method using with questionnaire. The statistical sample of the study included 986 second grade high school students in Hamadan who have been selected by simple random sampling. The measurement tools for data collection were Environmental Ethics Questionnaire, Caring Thinking Questionnaire, and Critical Thinking Questionnaire. The face validity of the questionnaires was approved by 15 faculty members of educational sciences. Also, their reliability was determined as α = 0.895, α = 0.915, and α = 0.923, respectively, by using Cronbach's alpha coefficient for Environmental Ethics, Caring Thinking, and Critical Thinking Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling Method and utilizing SPSS and Smart PLS software. The results showed that the structural model of environmental ethics based on caring thinking has a good fit due to the critical thinking of second-grade high school students in Hamadan. According to this model, caring thinking, as well as critical thinking, have a significant effect on environmental ethics, but caring thinking does not have a significant effect on critical thinking. Therefore, it can be concluded that caring and critical thinking can be used to explain and predict the environmental ethics of second grade high school students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental ethics
  • Caring Thinking
  • Critical thinking
  • High School Students
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