واکاوی عوامل تأثیرگذار بر دانش محیط زیستی گندم‌کاران بخش مرکزی شهرستان کهگیلویه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه یاسوج

2 دانشیار ترویج کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه یاسوج

10.30473/ee.2020.7226

چکیده

کشاورزی مهم­ترین بخش در تهیه محصولات غذایی است. با توجه به اینکه کشاورزان برای تولید محصولات بیشتر از فناوری‌های جدید استفاده می­کنند، می­توانند اثرات تخریبی زیادی بر محیط‌زیست داشته باشند. آنچه در زمینه محیط‌زیست مهم و قابل‌تأمل می­باشد اثری است که دانش محیط ‌زیستی بر روی بهبود رفتارهای محیط زیستی دارد. لذا پژوهش حاضر با هدف واکاوی عوامل تأثیرگذار بر دانش محیط­ زیستی گندم‌کاران انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر 380 نفر از گندم‌کاران آبی­کار بخش مرکزی شهرستان کهگیلویه بود که بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان 181 نفر از گندم‌کاران به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب گردید و روش نمونه‌گیری روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شد. روایی صوری این پرسشنامه از طریق متخصصان موضوعی تأیید شد و آلفای کرونباخ برای سنجه­های 56/0 تا 83/0 حاکی از پایایی مناسب پرسشنامه بود. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار‌  SPSS21 انجام شد.یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که گندم­کاران بخش مرکزی، از دانش محیط­زیستی مناسبی برخوردار نیستند. همچنین نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی نشان داد که متغیرهای میزان درآمد غیر کشاورزی، پایبندی به عرف، شرکت در دوره‌های آموزشی-ترویجی، عضویت، سابقه کشت گندم و تحصیلات از مهم­ترین تعیین‌کننده­ های دانش محیط زیستی گندم‌کاران بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing Factors Affecting Environmental Knowledge of Wheat Farmers: the Case of Central District of Kohgiluyeh County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Afereydouni 1
  • Mehdi Nooripoor 2
1 M.A. of Rural Development Department, Yasouj University
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Yasouj University
چکیده [English]

Agriculture is the most important sector in the supply of food products. Since farmers are using new technologies to produce more products, they cause harmful effects on the environment. In this regard, the important factor is the effect that environmental knowledge has on improving environmental behaviours of any person. Therefore, the present study was conducted to analyse factors affect wheat farmers' environmental knowledge. The statistical population of the research was 380 wheat farmers in the central district of Kohgiluyeh County which based on Morgan table, 181 farmers were selected as samples using random sampling. The face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed through subject matter specialists. The Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.56 to 0.83, indicating an appropriate reliability of the questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS21 software. The findings of the research showed that wheat farmers do not have appropriate environmental knowledge. Variables including non-farm income, adherence to the custom, participation in educational-extensional courses, membership, wheat cultivation experience and education were the most important determinants of their environmental knowledge.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • System knowledge
  • Action-related knowledge
  • Effectiveness knowledge
  • Hierarchical Regression
  • Environment
  • Kohgilouyeh
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