تأثیر سرمایه اجتماعی بر رفتار زیست‌محیطی روستاییان شهرستان مریوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه زنجان

2 گروه ترویج،ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

رفتارهای فردی و جمعی افراد جامعه بر روی محیط‌زیست و مشکلات آن تأثیرگذار است. شناسایی تأثیر سرمایه اجتماعی روستاییان بر رفتارهای زیست‌محیطی آنها می‌تواند کمک مهمی به برنامه­ ریزان حوزه حفاظت از محیط‌زیست روستاها فراهم کند. پژوهش توصیفی همبستگی حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر سرمایه اجتماعی بر رفتار زیست‌محیطی روستاییان انجام شد. جامعه آماری، کلیه خانوارهای روستایی شهرستان مریوان بودند (11228N= ) که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران 250 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه محاسبه و از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای تصادفی انتخاب و مطالعه شدند. داده‌های تحقیق با استفاده از نرم‌افزار20  SPSS و آزمون‌های تحلیل همبستگی و رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام تحلیل شدند و نتایج نشان داد که 8/82 درصد روستاییان در حد متوسطی رفتار حفاظت محیط زیستی را دارا هستند. سطح اعتماد اجتماعی، انسجام اجتماعی و مشارکت اجتماعی از دید اکثریت روستاییان موردمطالعه (به ترتیب 6/65، 4/62 و 98 درصد) در حد متوسط بود. تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که بین هر سه مؤلفه سرمایه اجتماعی و رفتارهای زیست‌محیطی روستاییان رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری وجود دارد. تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه گام‌به‌گام نیز نشان داد که چهار متغیر سطح تحصیلات، مشارکت اجتماعی، سن و انسجام اجتماعی 7/37 درصد واریانس سطح رفتارهای حفظ محیط زیستی روستاییان را  تبیین می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Social Capital on the Environmental Behavior of Villagers in Marivan City

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Yazdani 1
  • A. Shams 2
1 University of Zanjan
2 Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan
چکیده [English]

The individual and social behaviors of people affect on the environment and its problems. The recognition of villagers’ social capital effect on their environmental behaviors can provide an important contribution to environmental protection planners in the rural areas. The current descriptive correlation study was done with the aim of investigating the social capital effect on villagers’ environmental behavior.  The target population were all of the rural households in Marivan City (N=11228), by using Cochran sampling formula, 250 subjects selected through randomized multi-stage sampling method. Data analysis was done by using of Spss20 software and correlation and regression statistical methods step by step. The results showed that 82.8 percent of villagers have environmental protection behavior on an average level. The level of social trust, social cohesion and social participation in the viewpoint of the majority of villagers (65.6, 62.4 and 98 percent respectively) was moderate. The correlation analysis showed that there is a positive meaningful relationship among all three components of social capital with the villagers’ environmental behaviors. A step by step multiple regression analysis showed that four variables of educational level, social participation, age and social cohesion explain 37.7 percent of villagers environmental protection behavior level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Behavior
  • Social Capital
  • Villagers
  • Marivan city
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