مقایسه‌ میزان آگاهی والدین، دانش‌آموزان و معلمان ابتدایی درباره بعد محیط‌زیستی توسعه پایدار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه الزهرا

2 دانشیار، گروه برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه الزهرا

10.30473/ee.2020.6566

چکیده

هدف پژوهش، شناسایی میزان آگاهی والدین، دانش­آموزان و معلمان مدارس دوره دوم ابتدایی شهرستان نهاوند درباره بعد محیط‌زیستی توسعه پایدار و تفاوت بین آنها است. پژوهش، ازنظر هدف کاربردی و روش پژوهش آمیخته­ (کمی و کیفی) بود. به‌منظور گردآوری داده­ها از دو روش پرسش‌نامه و مصاحبه استفاده شد. جامعه پژوهش، دانش­آموزان (دختر و پسر) پایه ششم ۱۲۹۰ نفر، والدین (مادر یا پدر) ۱۲۹۰ نفر و معلمان (مرد و زن) دوره دوم ابتدایی شهرستان نهاوند ۱۴۸ نفر. با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده و بر اساس فرمول کوکران والدین 296 نفر، دانش­آموزان 296 نفر و معلمان 107 نفر (برای پرسش‌نامه) به‌عنوان گروه نمونه انتخاب شدند. روایی ابزار پژوهش (پرسش‌نامه و مصاحبه) توسط اساتید تأیید شد. پایایی توسط آزمون کرونباخ برای پرسش‌نامه والدین، دانش­آموزان و معلمان به ترتیب ۸۰/0، ۸۳/0 و ۹۰/0 برآورد شد. برای تحلیل استنباطی از آزمون t (مقایسه میانگین­ها) و همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که میزان آگاهی معلمان بیش از والدین و دانش ­آموزان است و ازنظر جنسیت، بین والدین، دانش­ آموزان و معلمان ازلحاظ سطح آگاهی محیط‌زیستی تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد. وضعیت معلمان و والدین ازلحاظ سابقه تدریس، رشته تحصیلی و سطح تحصیلی بررسی شد. پس از بررسی پرسش‌نامه­ ها، به‌منظور رفع ابهامات یافته­ های پرسش‌نامه ­ها و در پاسخ به چرایی پرسش‌های پژوهش از هر سه گروه مصاحبه به عمل آمد. دلیل آگاهی بیشتر معلم‌ها در مورد محیط‌زیست و توسعه پایدار، آموزش‌های ضمن خدمت، تحصیلات و مطالعه بیشتر آنها نسبت به دو گروه دیگر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of the Level of Awareness of Parents, Students and Primary Teachers on the Environmental Dimension of Sustainable Development

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Ahmadvand 1
  • Parvin Ahmadi 2
  • Parvin Samadi 2
1 M.A. Student, Department of Curriculum, Alzahra University Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Curriculum, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to identify the level of awareness among parents, students and teachers of secondary schools in Nahavand about the environmental aspects of sustainable development and their differences. The method of this study was mixed (qualitative and qualitative) and applied in terms of purpose. The research population consisted of parents (parents), students (girls and boys), sixth grade and elementary school teachers (male and female) elementary schools in Nahavand. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect the data. Using purposeful sampling, 6 teachers and 6 parents and 6 pupls (for interviews) were selected using random sampling method. According to the Cochran formula, 296 parents, 296 students and 107 teachers (for the questionnaire) as the sample group were chosen. The validity and reliability of this research tool were reviewed and verified. t-test and Pearson correlation and mean rating were used to analyze the data. The results showed that teachers 'awareness was more than parent and parents' awareness was higher than students, and there was a significant difference between parents, students and teachers regarding the level of environmental awareness. Teachers and parents were studied in terms of their teaching history, field of study, and educational level. In addition, the results showed that the environmental dimension in the elementary curriculum content has been underestimated from the viewpoint of teachers and students. The reason for teachers greater awareness of the environment and sustainable development was in- service training, education and more studying than other the groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Awareness of Parents
  • Students and Teachers
  • Elementary School (Praimary School)
  • Environmental Dimension of Sustainable Development
  • Nahavand
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