تحلیل رفتار محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان و عوامل مؤثر بر آن در شهرستان قروه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، رشته ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

2 دانشیار، رشته آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

10.30473/ee.2020.6568

چکیده

هدف اصلی این تحقیق کاربردی، تبیین رفتار محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان شهرستان قروه در استان کردستان و عوامل مؤثر بر آن می‌باشد. اطلاعات موردنیاز پژوهش، با روش پیمایشی و با استفاده از ابزار پرسش‌نامه گردآوری شدند. داده‌های گردآوری‌شده به‌وسیله نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و PLS و با رویکرد مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری مورد تجزیه تحلیل قرار گرفتند. جامعه آماری تحقیق، شامل 12845 کشاورزان شهرستان قروه بودند که با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان ابتدا حجم نمونه 374  نفر مشخص‌شده سپس تعداد نمونه‌ها در هر روستا با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی و با انتساب متناسب تعیین گردیدند. یافته‌ها نشان دادند که رابطه مثبت و معنی‌داری بین متغیرهای بیرونی دانش و آگاهی محیط‌زیستی، هنجارهای ذهنی، نگرانی‌های محیط‌زیستی، نگرش محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان با نیت یا تمایل به رفتار محیط‌زیستی آنها وجود دارد که متغیر نگرانی‌های محیط‌زیستی بیشترین تأثیر مستقیم را بر نیت محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان داشت. نتایج نشان داد که متغیر نیت توانسته است به‌تنهایی 32 درصد متغیر وابسته (رفتار محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان) را تبیین نماید (β=0.32)؛ بنابراین، می‌توان نیت را عاملی مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی کشاورزان قلمداد کرد که خود بیشترین تأثیر را از وجود نگرانی‌های محیط‌زیستی بین کشاورزان می‌پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing Farmer’s Environmental Behavior and its Affecting Factors in Qorveh County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kambiz Karimi 1
  • Reza Movahedi 2
1 Associate Professor of Agricultural Education, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Education, College of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this applied research was to determine farmer’s environmental behavior and factors affecting it in Qorveh County of Kurdistan province. The data were collected by a surveying method with using a questionnaire technique. The collected data were analyzed by using both SPSS and PLS softwares through a structural equation modeling (SEM). The statistical population of the research includes all 12845 farmers in Qorveh County. Of those, 374 people were first selected as samples using Kerjcie and Morgan's table then a randomized sampling method by an optimal assignment technique was used for determining samples between each village. The results revealed a significant relationship between the external variables environmental knowledge and awareness, environmental concern, subjective norm and farmers' environmental attitude with the variable farmers' intention. The environmental concerns had the most direct effect on the farmers' intention. The results showed that the variable farmers' intention can determine 32 percent (β =0.32) of dependent variable (farmer’s environmental behavior).Therefore, it is concluded that the farmers' intention as an important factor can effect on their environmental behavior, and the farmers' intention influenced strongly by the variable farmers' environmental concerns.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Farmer’s Environmental Behavior
  • environmental concern
  • Attitude
  • Subjective Norm
  • Farmers' Intention
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