عوامل تبیین‌‌کننده نگرش و رفتار محیط‌زیستی هنرجویان هنرستان کشاورزی شهید مطهری شیراز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد ترویج کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

2 دانشیار ترویج و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

3 دانشجوی دکترای توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

10.30473/ee.2020.6763

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی عوامل تبیین­کننده نگرش و رفتار محیط­زیستی هنرجویان هنرستان کشاورزی شهید مطهری شیراز بود. برای این منظور از روش پیمایش و ابزار پرسشنامه برای گردآوری داده‌ها استفاده شد. پرسشنامه حاوی آزمون پارادایم اکولوژیکی نوین دانلپ و همکاران و تعدادی سؤال باز و بسته بود. روایی ظاهری و محتوایی پرسشنامه توسط متخصصان و کارشناسان مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. جهت تأیید پایایی پرسشنامه، مطالعه راهنما صورت گرفت که مقدار آلفای ­کرونباخ آن برای بخش‌های مختلف بین 61/0 تا 83/0 به دست آمد. جامعه موردمطالعه شامل کلیه هنرجویان رشته­های مختلف کشاورزی در مقطع دیپلم در هنرستان کشاورزی شهید مطهری شیراز در سال تحصیلی 93-92 بودند. در زمان انجام پژوهش تعداد هنرجویان در کلاس­های دوم و سوم در رشته‌های مختلف کشاورزی 98 نفر بود که از این میان بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان تعداد 80 نفر آنها با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری طبقه‌­ای تصادفی با انتساب متناسب به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. نتایج پژوهش حاکی از وجود نگرش و رفتار
محیط­زیستی نسبتاً مطلوبی در بین هنرجویان بود. از طرفی تماس با منابع اطلاعاتی مرتبط با محیط‌زیست هنرجویان در حد پایینی قرار داشت. فزون بر آن، تفاوت معنی‌داری در نگرش محیط­زیستی هنرجویان سال دوم و سال سوم مشاهده نگردید. نتایج حاصل از رگرسیون نشان داد هنجارهای گروه مرجع، دسترسی به اطلاعات و فرزند کشاورز بودن مهم­ترین تبیین­‌کننده­‌های نگرش محیط­زیستی هنرجویان هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Determinants of Environmental Attitude and Behaviour among Students of Shahid Motahari Agricultural Vocational School of Shiraz

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aboozar Zare 1
  • Mostafa Ahmadvand 2
  • Fahimeh Rigi 3
1 M.A. of Agricultural Extension, Yasouj University
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension and Development, Yasouj University
3 Ph.D. student of Agricultural Development, Yasouj University
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of environmental attitude and behaviour of students at Shahid Motahari agricultural vocational school of Shiraz. For this purpose, the survey method was used and the data collection was done using a questionnaire which was validated by a group of experts, and the reliability as measured by Cronbach’s alpha were 0.61 to 0.83 for various sectors. The population consisted of all the students in Shahid Motahari agricultural vocational school in the 92-93 school year. Based on Krejcie and Morgan's table of sample size, 80 students were selected through simple random sampling methodology. Findings revealed that second and third-year students have positive attitude and behaviour and environmental factors were in high average and student's access to resources of information is at a low level. Moreover, a significant difference in environmental attitudes of students in the second and third year was not observed. Other results showed that urban students than rural students believe that the crisis is in the environment and students, who showed interest in environmental issues, had a better attitude towards the environment. The regression model indicated that the reference group attitude and access to resources of information, and being farmers' offspring were as important variables in predicting the environmental attitudes of students.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • environmental attitudes
  • Environmental Bahaviour
  • Agricultural Students
  • Agricultural Vocational School
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