نوع‌شناسی رفتارهای ناپایدار بهره‌برداران زراعی شهرستان کرمانشاه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

3 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

10.30473/ee.2020.6767

چکیده

آثار مخرب زیست­محیطی، کاهش سلامتی انسان و دیگر موجودات زنده و بحران امنیت غذایی، یکی از مهم‌ترین مسائل پیش­روی جامعه جهانی می­باشد که ذهن بسیاری از محققان را به خود مشغول ساخته است. سؤال اینجاست که آیا طبیعت خود کشاورزی به‌تنهایی مسئول این‌همه اثرات مخرب است یا اینکه رفتار کنشگران درون نظام کشاورزی، محرک و تشدیدکننده این اثرات ناپایداری است؟. لذا در پژوهش حاضر، سعی بر آن است که با استفاده از مطالعه کیفی به نوع­شناسی و عمق رویداد رفتارهای ناپایدار بهره­برداران زراعی شهرستان کرمانشاه پرداخته شود. در این راستا نمونه­های موردمطالعه، کشاورزان و کارشناسان اجرایی جهاد کشاورزی و محیط‌زیست بودند که با توجه به تعداد دهستان­ها (10 دهستان)، از طریق نمونه­گیری هدفمند (از نوع زنجیره­ای) انتخاب گردیدند. تعداد مشارکت‌کنندگان این پژوهش ۳۳ نفر بودند. به‌منظور گردآوری داده­ها از مصاحبه­ عمیق و گروه­های متمرکز بهره گرفته شد و فرایند جمع‌آوری داده­ها تا رسیدن به اشباع تئوریک ادامه پیدا کرد. روایی و پایایی نتایج، توسط روش تکثرگرایی داده­ها و بازخورد از مشارکت­کنندگان مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. رفتار ناپایدار زراعی در قالب 8 تم اصلی استخراج شد. روابط موجود در بین این رفتارها نیز با استفاده از نرم‌افزار Cmap نمایش داده شد. بررسی­های به‌عمل‌آمده و گفت‌وشنودهای صورت گرفته، تصویری جدیدی از رفتار ناپایدار زراعی در اختیار محقق قرار داد و پرده از این حقیقت برداشت که رفتارهای ناپایدار زراعی تحت تأثیر شرایط، عوامل و محرک‌های درونی و بیرونی مختلفی به وجود می­آیند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Typology of Unsustainable Behaviours of Agricultural Stakeholders in Kermanshah Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Hossein Pirmoradi 1
  • Farahnaz Rostami 2
  • Abdolhamid Papzan 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extention and Education Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Agricultural Extention and Education Department, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

The destructive effects of the environment, the reduction of human health and other living organisms, and the food security crisis, is one of the most important issues facing the global community, which has attracted the attention of many researchers. The question is whether the nature of self-farming alone is responsible for all such destructive effects, or is the actions of actors within the agricultural system stimulating and exacerbating these unsustainable effects? So, in the present study, we try to investigate the unsustainable Behaviours of farmers in Kermanshah using a qualitative study on the typology and depth of the event. In this regard, the studied samples were farmers and experts in agriculture and environmental Jihad, which according to the number of villages (10 districts) were selected through purposeful sampling (chain type). The number of participants in this study was 33. Data Collected from interviews and focus group discussion continues until theoretical saturation has been achieved. The validity and reliability of the results were confirmed by the plurality of data and feedback from the participants. Aggressive unsustainable Behaviour was extracted in 8 main themes. Relationships among these Behaviours are also displayed using the C-map software. Investigations and interviews provided a researcher with a new picture of unsustainable agronomic Behaviour and uncovered the fact that unsustainable agronomic Behaviours were influenced by the conditions, factors, and different intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Behaviour Identify
  • Farmers' Behaviour
  • Unstable
  • Kermanshah
  • Cmap Software
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