بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی: مطالعه‌ای کیفی در مناطق شهری ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیارگروه معماری، دانشگاه بجنورد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه معماری، دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز، ایران

3 استاد گروه معماری، دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز، ایران

10.30473/ee.2020.6769

چکیده

مطالعه عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی مدخل مهمی برای کنترل پیامدهای محیط‌زیستی در یک اجتماع، شهر یا یک سکونتگاه است. رفتار محیط‌زیستی تحت تأثیر عوامل انسانی و محیطی متفاوتی قرار دارد که درک آنها نیاز به بررسی دقیق و نزدیک موقعیت‌های فردی و اجتماعی دارد. در این مقاله با استفاده از پیمایش‌های صورت گرفته؛ (مصاحبه‌های عمیق و مشاهده) و تحلیل داده‌های حاصل با استفاده از روش داده بنیاد؛ تلاش شده است تا عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی در نمونه‌ای از جامعه ایران بررسی شود. پیمایش‌های صورت گرفته بر تجربیات مشارکت‌کنندگان در بستر سکونتگاه متمرکز بوده است. نتایج حاصل از این مطالعه که با استفاده از پارادایم چهار‌گانه استرن ارائه شده است، نشان می‌دهد عوامل نگرشی (ارزش‌ها، عقیده و هنجار) دارای بیشترین تنوع از موضوعات تأثیرگذار بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی هستند؛ بر همین اساس ارزش‌های انسان‌محور یکی از مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی است. یافته نهایی این تحقیق (مقوله مرکزی) که با عنوان «رویه ارزشی» نام‌گذاری شده است، نشان می‌دهد جریان‌های اجتماعی به‌عنوان رویه‌های رایج رفتاری، در کنار ارزش‌های تثبیت‌شده، تأثیر بسزایی بر رفتار محیط‌زیستی جامعه موردمطالعه دارد. رویه‌ها شکل مرسوم و عملی رفتار هستند که به‌وسیله ارزش‌ها پشتیبانی و تقویت می‌شوند و توان نفوذ به اکثر قرارگاه‌های رفتاری از جمله مسکن را دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Determinant of Environmental Behaviour: A Qualitative Study in Urban Areas of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Mehdi Mirhashemi 1
  • Farzin Haghparast 2
  • Mazyar Asefi 3
1 Assistant Professor in Architecture, University of Bojnord, Iran
2 Associate Professor in Architecture, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Professor in Architecture, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Investigating the determinant of environmental Behaviour is an important gateway for controlling the environmental impact of a community, city, residential municipality or settlement. Environmental Behaviour is under the influence of several humanistic and situational factors and its study needs precise evaluation of motivations, Behaviour as well as different social and personal factors. In this paper, through the use of field study; survey and in-depth interviews as well as analyzing data from interviews and observations using Grounded Theory; efforts were made to investigate the determinants of environmental Behaviour in a sample of the Iranian society. A survey was conducted with a focus on the experiences of participants in the context of a residential setting. The findings of this study are presented using the quadripartite paradigm of Stern, which showed that attitude factors had the vastest variation of determinants influencing environmental Behaviour. Accordingly, anthropocentric values are the most influencing factors. The final findings of this research (Central Category), called "Valued Based Vogue", showed that routines as commonly used Behaviours, along with proven values, have a significant effect on the environmental Behaviour of the population under study. Routines are the usual form of Behaviour that is supported and strengthened by values and have the potential of penetrating most Behavioural settings, including the residential setting.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Behaviour
  • Home
  • Environment
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