شناسایی دیدگاه کارشناسان سازمان جهاد کشاورزی در زمینه عوامل مؤثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک (مطالعه موردی: استان آذربایجان شرقی)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

10.30473/ee.2021.7536

چکیده

آموزش عامل اصلی توسعه کشاورزی است و تربیت نیروی انسانی متخصص و محقق مهم‌ترین عامل در جهت توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک است. این نیروی انسانی می‏تواند تمامی کنشگران درگیر در این نظام کشاورزی را در برگیرد. هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک از دیدگاه کارشناسان کشاورزی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، کارشناسان سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان آذربایجان شرقی بودند (837=N). برای این جامعه آماری، با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان، حجم نمونه 264 نفر تعیین شد که برای کاهش خطا و پوشش پرسشنامه‏ های بی‏ پاسخ، این تعداد به 310 نفر افزایش یافت و به‌صورت نمونه ‏گیری تصادفی ساده موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار اصلی جمع‏آوری داده‏ها در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه بود. روایی پرسشنامه با نظر استادان دانشگاه تهران تأیید شد و پایایی آن نیز با ضریب تتای ترتیبی تأیید شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی نشان داد که عوامل مؤثر بر الزام‏های آموزشی توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک را می‏توان در شش عامل سیاست‏گذاری، مدیریتی، تحقیقاتی، ترویجی، زراعی و مصرفی خلاصه کرد. این عوامل درمجموع 58 درصد از واریانس عامل‏های مؤثر بر الزام‏ های آموزشی توسعه کشاورزی ارگانیک را تبیین کردند. بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، ایجاد دوره‏ های آموزشی در زمینه مدیریت تلفیقی آفات (IPM)، بازاریابی کشاورزی، کارآفرینی کشاورزی با محوریت کشاورزی ارگانیک و همچنین پژوهش ‏های بیشتر بر روی کاهش هزینه تولید محصولات ارگانیک پیشنهاد می‏شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying the Views of Experts of Agriculture Jihad Organization on Factors Affecting Educational Requirements of Organic Agricultural Development (Case Study: East Azarbaijan Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yahya Safi Sis 1
  • Ahmad Rezvanfar 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Education is a major factor in agricultural development. Specialist and researcher training is the most important factor in the development of organic farming. This manpower can include all the actors involved in this agricultural system. The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the educational requirements of organic farming from the perspective of agricultural experts. The statistical population of this study was Experts of East Azarbaijan Agriculture Jihad Organization (N = 837). For this statistical population, using the Krejcie and Morgan table, a sample size of 264 was determined. To reduce the error and the coverage of unanswered questionnaires, the number was increased to 310 and were studied by simple random sampling. Questionnaire was the main tool for data collection in this study. Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by faculty members of Tehran University and its reliability was confirmed by ordinal theta coefficient. Factor analysis results showed that the factors affecting the educational requirements of organic farming development can be summarized in six policy, management, research, extension, agronomic and consumption factors. These factors together explained for 58 percent of the variance in the variables affecting the educational requirements of organic farming development. Based on the results, the establishment of training courses in Integrated Pest Management (IPM), agricultural marketing, agricultural entrepreneurship with organic farming focus, as well as further research on reducing the cost of producing organic products are suggested.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organic Farming
  • Factor Analysis
  • Agricultural Experts
  • Educational Requirements
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