تربیت محیط‌زیستی و جایگاه آن در برنامه درسی دوره دوم ابتدایی نظام آموزشی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری رشته مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 استاد، گروه مطالعات برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 استادیار، گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 استاد، گروه آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور

10.30473/ee.2021.7540

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی وضعیت موجود تربیت محیط‌زیستی در دوره دوم ابتدایی بر اساس مؤلفه‌های تربیت محیط‌زیستی انجام پذیرفته است. روش پژوهش، روش تحلیل محتوای آنتروپی شانون بود که پردازش داده‌ها را در بحث تحلیل محتوا با نگاه جدید و به‌صورت کمی و کیفی مطرح می‌کند. محتوای طرح ازنظر پاسخگو (کلیه کتب چهارم، پنجم و ششم ابتدایی) و 9 مؤلفه اصلی و 43 مؤلفه فرعی موردبررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج تحلیل محتوا نشان داد که از مجموع 848 صفحه کتب پایه چهارم ابتدایی، درمجموع (189) صفحه و از مجموع 895 صفحه از کتب پایه پنجم ابتدایی درمجموع (127) صفحه و از مجموع 914 صفحه از کتب پایه ششم ابتدایی درمجموع (127) صفحه در رابطه با مفاهیم کلیدی تربیت زیست‌محیطی پرداخته‌شده است و از بین تمام مؤلفه‌های تربیت محیط‌زیستی بیشترین توجه به مؤلفه تنوع زیستی در 36 صفحه و کمترین توجه به مؤلفه لایه ازن در (0) صفحه بوده و بیشترین ضریب اهمیت مربوط به مؤلفه‌های تنوع زیستی (26/0) و کمترین ضریب اهمیت مؤلفه اثرات رشد لایه ازن (0) بوده است. با توجه به نتایج تحلیل محتوا می‌توان چنین نتیجه گرفت که در حد خیلی کم به تربیت محیط‌زیستی در این دوره پرداخته‌شده است درحالی‌که صراحتاً در اسناد بالادستی موضوع محیط‌زیست، ضرورت و اهمیت حفظ و راه‌های حفاظت آن به‌عنوان یکی از ابعاد زیربنایی توسعه در ابعاد مختلف، مطرح‌شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Environmental Education and its Place in the Curriculum of the Second Elementary Course of the Iranian Educational System

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masumeh Kargozar 1
  • Mahmoud Mehrmohamadi 2
  • Ebrahim Talaee 3
  • Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri 4
1 Ph.D. of Curriculum Studies, Tarbiat Modares University
2 Professor, Department of Curriculum Studies, Tarbiat Modares University,Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Technology, Tarbiat Modarres University, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aims to investigate the existing status of environmental education in the second elementary school based on the components of environmental education. The methodology was the content analysis method of Entropy Shannon, which presents data processing in the context of content analysis with a new, quantitative and qualitative look. The content of the project was responsive (all 4th, 5th and 6th grade books), and 9 main components and 43 sub-components. The results of content analysis showed that out of a total of 848 pages of the fourth elementary books, in total (189) pages, and 895 pages of the fifth grade of primary books in total (127) pages and from 914 pages of the sixth grade books in elementary The total (127) pages related to the key concepts of environmental education, and among all the components of environmental education, the greatest attention was paid to the component of biodiversity in 36 pages and the least attention was paid to the ozone layer component in (0). The most The coefficient of importance is related to biodiversity components (0.26) and the lowest coefficient of importance of the component is the effect of growth of ozone layer (0). According to the results of content analysis, it can be concluded that the environmental education of this period is very low, while explicitly in the upstream documents the issue of the environment, the necessity and importance of preservation and ways of its conservation as one The underlying dimensions of development are discussed in different dimensions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • content analysis
  • Environmental Education
  • Secondary Elementary Books
  • Shannon Entropy
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