بررسی تطبیقی آموزش محیط‌زیست در برنامه‌درسی دوره ابتدایی ایران و کشورهای منتخب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 دانشیار برنامه درسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

3 استادیار برنامه درسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

10.30473/ee.2020.6561

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی ­تطبیقی آموزش محیط­زیست در برنامه‌درسی دوره ابتدایی ایران با برنامه ­درسی کشورهای منتخب، بر اساس چهارعنصر هدف، محتوا، روش­های تدریس و شیوه ­های ارزشیابی بود. این پژوهش کیفی و از نوع پژوهش­ تطبیقی است که از الگوی بردی برای مقایسه داده ­های پژوهش استفاده کرده است. جامعه آماری شامل همه کشورها در پنج قاره بود که ازاین‌بین پنج کشور آمریکا، بریتانیا، کانادا، استرالیا و ایران به‌عنوان نمونه و با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. مهم­ترین اسناد و مدارک مربوط به آموزش محیط­زیست از طریق پایگاه داده‌های کشورهای منتخب و منابع کتابخانه ­ای گردآوری و سپس با روش چهار مرحله‌ای بردی تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها حاکی از این بود که اهداف و محتوای برنامه ­درسی آموزش محیط‌زیست ایران به خوبی تبیین گردیده ­اند و تفاوت چندانی با اهداف و محتوای برنامه­ درسی آموزش محیط­زیست کشورهای منتخب ندارند. همچنین، استفاده از روش­های تدریس شبیه­ سازی، بارش مغزی و منابع چندرسانه‌ای و فاوا مورد غفلت قرارگرفته است. علاوه بر این، استفاده از روش ­های ارزشیابی تشخیصی و آزمون­ های استانداردشده در برنامه ­درسی آموزش محیط­زیست دوره ابتدایی ایران نادیده گرفته شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of Environmental Education in Iran’s Primary Schools Curriculum and Selected Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Khajouie 1
  • Asghar Soltani 2
  • Keramat Esmi 3
1 M.A. in Curriculum, Department of Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
2 Associate Professor of Curriculum, Department of Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
3 Assistant Professor of Curriculum, Department of Education, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to a comparison of environmental education in the elementary schools curriculum of Iran and the selected countries based on the four elements of objectives, contents, teaching methods, and evaluation methods of curriculum. This study is qualitative research and comparative one, which has used Bereday model to compare the research data. Population includes countries all over the world, and the sample was comprised of United States of America, Britain, Canada, Australia and Iran that were selected through a purposeful sampling method. The most important environmental education documents were collected through websites of the selected countries and library resources and then analyzed using the four-stages method of Bereday. The findings showed that the objectives and contents of the Iranian curriculum are well explained and do not differ significantly from the objectives and content of the environmental education curriculum of the selected countries. Also, the use of simulation teaching methods, brainstorming and multimedia resources and ICT in environmental education has been neglected. Furthermore, the use of evaluation methods such as diagnostic evaluation and standardized tests have been ignored in the elementary schools of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • comparative study
  • Curriculum
  • Environmental Education
  • Primary Schools

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