طراحی مدل مدارس پایدار در راستای توسعه شهرهای پایدار مبتنی بر فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌ای (ANP)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش محیط زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور

2 استاد، گروه آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور و رئیس کرسی یونسکو در آموزش محیط‌زیست

3 استاد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

4 استادیار، گروه آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور

10.30473/ee.2020.6567

چکیده

با توجه به اینکه حساسیت جوامع درباره چالش‌های پایداری و گسترش آن در حال افزایش است، توسعه شهرهای پایدار به‌عنوان چالش دیگری توسعه یافته است در این میان همواره آموزش به‌عنوان یکی از ابزارهای توسعه پایداری مطرح می‌گردد. در برنامه‌ریزی و اجرای آموزش برای پیشرفت پایدار، مدارس نقش گسترده‌ای ایفا می‌نمایند. هدف از این تحقیق ایجاد یک چارچوب و رتبه‌بندی مؤلفه‌های مربوط به مدارس پایدار در راستای توسعه شهرهای پایدار در ایران است. تحقیق حاضر از نوع آمیخته و اکتشافی می‌باشد که در دو فاز کمی و کیفی اجرا شده است که در فاز کیفی شاخص‌های مربوط به مدارس پایدار که توسط مطالعه متون و نظرخواهی خبرگان استخراج‌شده است و در فاز کمی، تعیین وزن متغیرهای استخراجی، با استفاده از روش ANP و با پاسخگویی 20 تن از متخصصین این حوزه انجام گردید. پس از تجزیه‌وتحلیل پرسش‌نامه مقایسات زوجی به کمک نرم‌افزار EXCEL و Super Decision وزن شاخص‌ها مشخص گردید. نتایج تحلیل نشان داده است که: مؤلفه دانش‌آموز با وزن (33017/0)، معلم (29086/0)، برنامه درسی (12801/0) سازمان مدرسه (11942/0)، آموزش (11382/0)، ارتباطات (01772/0) به ترتیب دارای بیشترین تأثیر بر تلفیق مؤلفه‌های پایداری مدارس در طراحی شهر پایدار هستند. با توجه به رسالت آموزش‌وپرورش در پایداری و رشد شهرهای پایدار و در راستای حرکت تدریجی مدارس به سمت پیشرفت پایدار، تغییرات مطابق با معیارهای مدارس ضروری است؛ و می‌تواند به‌عنوان یکی از مؤلفه‌های اولویت‌دار توسعه شهرهای پایدار موردتوجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing Sustainable Schools Model to Develop Sustainable Cities Analisis of Network Process (ANP)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hoda Taie 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri 2
  • Javad Hatami 3
  • Maryam Larijani 4
1 Ph.D. Student of Environmental Education ,Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University and The Head of UNESCO Chair on Environmental Education, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Educational Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

As societies' sensitivity to the challenges of sustainability grows and expands, the development of sustainable cities has developed as another challenge, with education always being one of the tools of sustainable development. Schools play a wide role in planning and implementing education for sustainable development. The purpose of this study is to establish a framework and rank components of sustainable schools in order to develop sustainable cities in Iran. The present study is a mixed and exploratory study conducted in both qualitative and quantitative phases. In the qualitative phase, indicators of sustainable schools extracted by the study of literature and expert opinion, and in the quantitative phase, weighting of extractable variables using the method The ANP was conducted by 20 experts in the field. After analyzing the paired comparisons questionnaire, the weights of the indices were determined using EXCEL and Super Decision software. The results of the analysis showed that: student component with weight (0.33017), teacher (0.29086), curriculum (0.12801), school organization (0.11422), education (0.11382), and communication (0.1772). Have the most impact on the integration of school sustainability components in sustainable city design, respectively. Given the mission of education in the sustainability and growth of sustainable cities and in line with the gradual movement of schools towards sustainable development, changes to school standards are essential; and can be considered as one of the priority components of sustainable city development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Schools
  • Sustainable
  • Network Analysis
  • Sustainable City
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