تعیین مؤلفه‌های تلفیق محتوای برنامه درسی میان‌رشته‌ای محیط‌زیست پایدار برای آموزش عالی کشاورزی با استفاده از TOPSIS و ANP فازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

10.30473/ee.2020.6761

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی مجموعه‌ای نمایا از مؤلفه‌های مؤثر در، تلفیق میان‌رشته‌ای آموزش محیط‌زیست پایدار در آموزش عالی کشاورزی انجام شد. با بررسی مطالعات و تحقیقات پیشین، دو مؤلفه پایه و 35 مؤلفه داخلی به دست آمد. این مؤلفه‌ها بر اساس نظر اعضای هیئت‌علمی و صاحب‌نظران رشته‌های کشاورزی منابع طبیعی و محیط‌زیست، با استفاده از روش‌های تصمیم‌گیری چند معیاره TOPSIS و ANP فازی اولویت‌بندی و تأیید گردید. پس از تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها، با توجه به وزن نهایی به‌دست‌آمده در بخش «ارتباط توسعه پایدار محیط‌زیست و آموزش عالی کشاورزی»، مؤلفه‌های: مفاهیم حفاظت از منابع خاک، احیای اراضی کشاورزی و ساماندهی زمین، افزایش بهره‌وری و عوامل و منابع تولید در بخش کشاورزی، به ترتیب در رتبه‌های اول تا سوم قرار گرفتند و در بخش دوم نشانگر «گستردگی و جامع بودن محتوای برنامه درسی کشاورزی در تلفیق با مفاهیم پایداری محیط‌زیست » با کسب درجه اهمیت 262/0، مشخص شد. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که تکراری بودن برخی مفاهیم در قسمت گستردگی محتوا از عامل‌های مهم در جهت تلفیق میان‌رشته‌ای آموزش محیط‌زیست پایدار در آموزش عالی کشاورزی می‌باشد و همچنین تمرکز محتواهای آموزشی در درون رشته‌های علمی نیز بدون توجه به مفاهیم توسعه پایدار از دیگر موارد مهم در این مبحث می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of Components of the Integration of the Content of the Interdisciplinary Curriculum of Sustainable Development of the Environment for Higher Education in Agriculture Using the of TOPSIS and Fuzzy ANP

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hora Koochekian 1
  • Seyed Yousef Hejazi 2
  • Abdolmotalleb Rezaei 3
  • Seyed Ahmad Reza Pishbin 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Extension and Education Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize a set of influential components of interdisciplinary integration of sustainable environmental education in agricultural higher education. Based on previous studies and research, two basic and 35 internal components were obtained. These components were prioritized and validated based on the viewpoints of faculty members and experts in the field of natural resources and environmental agriculture using multi-criteria decision-making methods TOPSIS and fuzzy ANP. After analyzing the data, considering the final weight obtained in the section "Relationship between Sustainable Environment Development and Higher Education in Agriculture, Components: Concepts of Soil Resource Conservation, Land Reclamation, and Land Regulation, Increasing Productivity and Factors and Production resources in the agricultural sector ranked first to third, respectively, and in the second part, the indicator of "Comprehensiveness and Comprehensive Content of the Agricultural Curriculum in Integration with Environmental Sustainability Concepts" was identified with an importance rating of 0.262. Research has shown that the repetition of some concepts in the content area is an important factor in the interdisciplinary integration of education.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Environmental Development
  • Curriculum content
  • Higher Agricultural Education
  • Integrated Interdisciplinary Program
  • Topsis technique
  • and Fuzzy ANP
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