عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار محیط‏زیستی شهروندان شهر رضویه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط‌زیست، پژوهشکده آب و محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی رشته مهندسی طبیعت، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

اکثر معضلات محیط‏زیستی، معلول رفتارهای افراد یک جامعه بوده و خود تأثیرپذیر از عوامل دیگری است؛ بنابراین برای تاب‏آوری در مشکلات محیط‏زیستی، هم‌راستایی رفتارهای فردی و اجتماعی با محوریت بوم‏شناختی ضروری است. هدف از این پژوهش شناخت میزان رفتارهای محیط‏زیستی شهروندان شهر رضویه استان خراسان رضوی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن بوده تا با ارائه راه‏حل‏‏هایی بتوان رفتارهای افراد را به سوی رفتارهای سازگار با محیط‏زیست تشویق نمود. با روش پیمایشی – میدانی، طبق فرمول کوکران، تعداد 334 خانوار به کمک روش تصادفی سیستماتیک، انتخاب و با پرسشنامه محقق‏ساخته موردمطالعه قرار گرفتند. یافته‏های پژوهش نشان می‏دهند که بین رفتار محیط‏زیستی شهروندان با متغیرهای دانش، آگاهی، باور و ارزش محیط‌زیستی و همچنین سن رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. البته رفتار محیط‏زیستی برحسب جنسیت، وضعیت تأهل، میزان تحصیلات و شغل افراد متفاوت است. طبق نتایج، شهروندان این شهر، دارای رفتار محیط‏زیستی بوده و تمایل به مشارکت دارند. ازآنجاکه بهترین گزینه برای موفقیت در هر فعالیتی مشارکت مردم است، برای دستیابی به رفتارهای مطلوب محیط‏زیستی باید بر روی برنامه‏های مشارکتی منطقه‏ای و محلی در شهرها تمرکز نمود. به‌هرحال، با توجه به مفهوم رفتار شهروندی پایدار، یافته‏های این پژوهش، افقی برای سیاست‏گذاری محیط‏زیستی در اجتماع فراهم می‏کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Factors on Environmental Citizenship Behavior of Razavieh City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Kolahi 1
  • Mohammad Jahani 2
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Water and Environment Research Institute, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 BSc Student, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,
چکیده [English]

Many environmental problems are caused by individual behaviors, but in contrast, the behaviors are influenced by other factors. For resilience in these situations, therefore, it is necessary to adopt individual and social behaviors based on social-ecological aspects. The research aims were to identify the extent of environmental behaviors of citizens of Razavieh city, Khorasan-Razavi province, Iran, and also influencing factors towards pro-environmental behaviors. According to the Cochran formula, 334 households were selected by systematic random sampling method and were surveyed by a researcher-made questionnaire for collecting data. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between the citizens’ environmental behaviors with the variables of environmental knowledge, awareness, belief, and value, as well as, age. Of course, environmental behavior varies by gender, marital status, education level, and occupation. Furthermore, the findings revealed that the citizens were environmentally friendly, and enthusiastically tend to participate in urban development activities. Since the best option to succeed in any development project is rooted in the scale and availability of community engagement, it is crucial to focus on regional and local collaboration in cities to achieve the best environmental behaviors. However, according to the concept of sustainable citizenship behavior, the findings of this research would provide an environmental horizon and also highlight types of future environmental policies in urban watershed management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Sociology
  • Pro-environmental behavior
  • Environmental Awareness
  • social trust
  • Environmental Belief
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