با همکاری مشترک دانشگاه پیام نور و انجمن مطالعات برنامه درسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تبریز

2 دکتری معماری، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

نگارش سرفصل دروس برای آموزش مهندسی معماری، به دلیل نیاز به ارتباط متعادل، تأثیرگذاری و تأثیرپذیری این رشته از رشته‌های مختلف مهندسی، علوم اجتماعی، اقتصادی و ... با پیچیدگی و دشواری توأم است. این مقاله سعی دارد با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوا به بررسی آشکار و مضمونی مفاهیم پایداری در سرفصل قدیم و جدید دوره کارشناسی مهندسی معماری بپردازد و نکات ضعف و قوت هر یک از حیث توجه به مفاهیم پایداری را بیان کند. در این تحقیق، تحلیل محتوای آشکار بر اساس کدهای مرتبط با مفاهیم اصلی پایداری و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار 2016 Maxqda و تحلیل محتوای مضمونی پس از تشکیل پانل متخصصین، انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که فراوانی تعداد مفاهیم مرتبط با بعد کالبدی پایداری در سرفصل جدید نسبت به سرفصل قدیم کاهش و کلیدواژه‌های مؤکد بر دو بعد فرهنگی- اجتماعی و اقتصادی پایداری در سرفصل جدید بیشتر شده‌اند. این در حالی است که تحلیل محتوای ضمنی حاکی از کمرنگ‌تر شدن مضامین مرتبط با بعد اجتماعی- فرهنگی و توجه بیشتر به مضامین کالبدی و اقتصادی سرفصل جدید در مقایسه با سرفصل قدیم دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative Study of the New and Old Syllabuses of Iranian Undergraduate Architectural Engineering Courses from the Perspective of Sustainability Concepts

نویسندگان [English]

  • Paria Saadatjoo 1
  • Saber Sabouri 2
  • Leila Rahimi 1

1 Assistant Professor in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

Architectural engineering is an interdisciplinary course. It has a strict relation with civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering. This study focuses on the status of sustainability in two different syllabuses of the architecture bachelor’s courses in Iran. Content analysis approach was applied along with conceptual and rational methods for the analysis of mentioned syllabuses by using Maxqda software. In the first stage, conceptual analysis was performed by using some codes related to social, economic, and environmental sustainability. In the second stage, the architecture expert panel compared sustainability criteria and their education in two syllabuses as a rational content analysis. The results of the research indicated a significant difference between the former and the present architectural engineering syllabuses: Conceptual content analysis proved that environmental implications in the new syllabus were decreased in comparison to the former syllabus. Conceptual content analysis also indicated that cultural-social and economic codes in the new syllabus increased considerably. The rational content analysis demonstrated that cultural-social implication decreased in the new syllabus, while environmental and economic values were emphasized in the new syllabus compared to the former one. Finally, it was concluded that the application of tangible design methods for sustainable architecture education, integration of quantitative and qualitative design criteria, and sustainable integrated design approaches should be added to the syllabuses of architectural engineering education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Architectural Engineering
  • Education
  • Sustainability
  • New Syllabus
  • former Syllabus
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