با همکاری مشترک دانشگاه پیام نور و انجمن مطالعات برنامه درسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

اهمیت محیط­زیست و حفاظت از آن از جمله مسائل مهم در تمام نقاط جهان به‌حساب می­آید. با آشکار شدن نتایج مخرب مصرف­گرایی بر محیط­زیست، مقوله پایداری مطرح شد. مصرف سبز ابزار مهمی برای تغییر به سمت تولید و مصرف پایدار محیط­زیستی به شمار می­رود. بر همین اساس، هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی عوامل مرتبط با رفتار مصرف محیط­زیستی پایدار روستاییان می­باشد. جامعه آماری تحقیق حاضر شامل تمامی سرپرستان خانوارهای روستایی در بخش ماهیدشت در شهرستان کرمانشاه بود که بر اساس سرشماری آمار و نفوس مسکن (2016)، تعداد آن­ها 4637 نفر است. بر اساس فرمول بارتلت و همکاران (2001)، 310 نفر از خانوارهای روستایی منطقه مورد مطالعه با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری دومرحله‌ای انتخاب شد. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها پرسشنامه بود که روایی محتوایی آن با نظرات پانلی از کارشناسان تأیید شد. برای تعیین پایایی ابزار تحقیق پیش­آزمون انجام گرفت که مقدار آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه‌شده برای مقیاس­های اصلی پرسشنامه در حد مناسب (در دامنه بین 85/0 تا 91/0) بود. یافته­های بخش توصیفی حاکی از آن بود که 6/82 درصد از پاسخگویان اقدامات مرتبط با رفتارهای مصرف محیط­زیستی پایدار را در حد متوسط و 1/17 درصد نیز در سطح پایین انجام می­دادند. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که بین متغیرهای نگرش، سطح تحصیلات، میزان مالکیت اراضی، میزان درآمد سالیانه و میزان شرکت در دوره­های آموزشی مرتبط با مسائل محیط­زیستی با رفتار مصرف محیط­زیستی پایدار روستاییان رابطه مثبت و معنی­داری وجود داشت. همچنین، نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که بین انجام رفتار مصرف محیط­زیستی پایدار از سوی روستاییان برحسب جنس آن­ها تفاوت معنی ­دار وجود داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Related to Villagers' Sustainable Environmental Consumption Behavior (A study in Mahidasht section of Kermanshah)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ramesh Mehraban 1
  • Rohallah Rezaei 2

1 MSc, Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Zanjan

2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural, University of Zanjan

چکیده [English]

The importance of the environment and its protection is one of the most critical issues worldwide. The issue of sustainability was raised as the destructive environmental effects of consumerism were revealed. Green consumption is an important means of change towards production and environmentally sustainable consumption. Accordingly, the current study primarily was aimed to investigating the factors related to villagers' sustainable environmental consumption behavior. The statistical population of the study was included all heads of rural households in Mahidasht district in Kermanshah city, which according to the Housing Statistics and Population Census (2016), their number is 4637 people. Considering the formula of Bartlett et al. (2001), a sample of 310 rural households in the study area were selected using a two-stage sampling method. The data were collected using a questionnaire whose content validity was confirmed by a panel of experts. A pre-test was conducted to determine the reliability of the research tool, leading to appropriate Cronbach’s alpha values for the main scales (ranging from 0.85 to 0.91). According to descriptive results, 82.6% and 17.1% of the respondents showed behaviors related to sustainable consumption at moderate and low levels, respectively. The results of correlation analysis showed a positive and significant relationship between the variables of attitude, educational level, land ownership, annual income, and participation in training courses on the environmental issues and villagers' sustainable consumption behavior. Also, the results indicated a significant difference between the villagers' sustainable consumption behavior in terms of their sex.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Environmental Development
  • Green Consumption Behavior
  • Attitude
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