ارائه مدل تاب‌آوری جامعه در برابر سوانح محیط‌زیستی با رویکرد فراتحلیل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران. ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده محیط‌زیست پردیس دانشکده‌های فنی، دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد، گروه آموزش محیط‌زیست، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران. ایران

چکیده

تاب‌آوری ظرفیت این را دارد که در چرخه مدیریت سوانح محیط‌زیستی: در قبل، حین و بعد از سانحه وارد شود. هدف این پژوهش بررسی مدل‌های موجود در زمینه تاب‌آوری در برابر سوانح محیط‌زیستی است. این پژوهش با روش فراتحلیل انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش کنونی شامل پژوهش‌های مرتبط بود که در داخل و خارج از کشور به‌صورت مقاله تمام متن، پایان‌نامه‌ و طرح‌های پژوهشی در پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی و کتابخانه‌های دانشگاه‌ها یا مراکز دولتی در دسترس بودند. بر اساس ملاک‌های ورود و خروج 25 پژوهش موردبررسی قرار گرفتند. نتایج پژوهش منجر به تشکیل مدل جامع با 14 مؤلفه محیط‌زیست و کشاورزی، انسانی، فیزیکی و کالبدی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی، اقتصادی و مالی، بیمه، کاهش مخاطرات، روان‌شناختی، جمعیت شناختی، نهادی و سازمانی، صلاحیت جامعه و سبک زندگی، اطلاعات و ارتباطات، رهبری و استراتژی و حفاظت و امنیت تشکیل گردید. پایایی از طریق ضریب کاپا با مقدار 95/0 محاسبه گردید که در سطح توافق عالی قرار گرفته است. مدل حاصل از پژوهش با شناساندن عوامل مؤثر بر تاب‌آوری جامعه در برابر سوانح محیط‌زیستی امکان بهبود مدیریت بحران، کاهش آسیب‌ها و زمینه‌های لازم برای برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی در سطح کشور را فراهم می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing the model for community resilience against environmental disasters with a meta-analysis approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sayed Milad Ramin Azad 1
  • Babak Omidvar 2
  • Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri 3
  • Mohammad Mahdi Parhizgar 4
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran
3 Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Business Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Resilience has the potential to enter the environmental disaster management cycle: before, during and after an accident. The purpose of this study is to investigate the existing models in the field of resilience against environmental disasters. This research was conducted by Meta-Analysis method. The statistical population of the current study included related researches that were available at inside and outside the country as full-text articles, dissertations and research projects in databases and libraries of Universities or government centers. Based on inclusion and exit criteria, 25 studies were reviewed. The results of the research led to the formation of a comprehensive model with 14 components of Environment and Agriculture, Human, Physical, Social and Cultural, Economic and Financial, Insurance, Risk Reduction, Psychological, Demographic, Institutional and Organizational, and Community Competency and Lifestyle, Information and Communication, Leadership and Strategy, and Protection and Security. Reliability was calculated through the Kappa coefficient with value of 0.95, which is at the level of excellent agreement. The model obtained from the research by identifying the factors affecting the community resilience against environmental disasters provides the possibility of improving crisis management, reducing damages and the necessary contexts for educational planning in the country.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resilience
  • environmental disasters
  • Community
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