با همکاری مشترک دانشگاه پیام نور و انجمن مطالعات برنامه درسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانش آموخته دوره کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف شناسایی و اولویت‌­بندی چالش­ها و راهکارهای رفتار محیط­زیستی 120 گلخانه‌­دار خیار دهستان طارند با بهره­‌گیری از تکنیک دلفی در طی دو مرحله به اجرا درآمده است. یافته­‌ها نشان داده است که استفاده­‌ بی­‌رویه از نهاده­‌های شیمیایی به‌عنوان مهم‌ترین چالش رفتار محیط­زیستی گلخانه­‌داران شناخته شده است و مواردی چون استفاده از پوشش‌­های پلاستیکی یک‌بارمصرف؛ دفع غیربهداشتی و بازیافت نامناسب پسماند؛ و استفاده از گازوئیل برای گرمایش گلخانه به ترتیب در جایگاه­‌های بعدی از این نظر قرار گرفتند. به‌علاوه نتایج نشان داده است که برای مقابله با این چالش‌­ها، در ابتدا بایستی در جهت تبیین خطرات کاربرد نهاده­های شیمیایی؛ معرفی نهاده­‌های جایگزین سازگار با محیط‌زیست؛ آموزش و ترغیب به تفکیک، بازیافت و دفع بهداشتی پسماند؛ و آموزش و تشویق به استفاده از انرژی خورشیدی و دیگر انرژی‌­های پاک گام برداشت. در گام بعدی، یعنی بعد از ارتقای سطح آگاهی محیط­زیستی گلخانه­‌داران، برای اجرایی شدن آموزش­های ارائه‌شده بایستی مواردی چون حمایت­‌های مالی و اعتباری؛ تسهیل دسترسی به نهاده­‌ها، تجهیزات و فناوری­‌های سازگار با محیط‌زیست؛ و وضع قوانین محیط­زیستی در کانون توجه سیاستمداران و متولیان امر قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and Prioritizing of the Practical Challenges and Solutions of Pro-Environmental Behavior of Greenhouse Cucumber Growers in Tarand District

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Ahmadi Firouzjaie 1
  • Mahnaz Ghafouri 2
  • Mahsa Safaripour 1
  • Tahereh Sharghi 1

1 Department of Agricultural science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc in Rural Development, Department of Agricultural Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to identify and prioritize the challenges and Solutions of pro-environmental behavior of 120 greenhouse cucumber growers in Tarand district through Delphi technique during two rounds. Findings showed that the overuse of chemical inputs was recognized as the most important pro-environmental behavior challenge. Furthermore, using disposable plastic coatings, improper waste management, and using diesel were the important pro-environmental challenges, respectively. In addition, the results showed that to address these challenges, first the adverse impacts of using chemical inputs must be explained; Eco-friendly alternative inputs should be introduced; the separation, recycling and proper disposal of waste should be trained and encouraged; and finally the use of solar and other clean types of energy need to be trained and encouraged. Next, after raising the level of environmental awareness of farmers, in order to implement the training provided, financial and credit support; access to Eco-friendly inputs, equipment and technologies; and the development of environmental laws should be the focus of politicians and those who are in charge.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pro-environmental Behavior
  • Chemical Inputs
  • Waste Management
  • Greenhouse Cucumber Growers
  • Energy Management
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