با همکاری مشترک دانشگاه پیام نور و انجمن مطالعات برنامه درسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق توصیفی، تحلیل رابطه بین ویژگی­‌های جمعیت­‌شناختی و رفتار زیست‌­محیطی زنان روستایی حوضه آبخیز هلیل­‌رود بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق 1288 نفر از زنان روستایی حوضه آبخیز هلیل‌­رود شهرستان جیرفت بودند. حجم نمونه با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان 297 نفر به دست آمد و روش نمونه‌­گیری، طبقه‌­ای تناسبی بود. ابزار تحقیق پرسش‌نامه محقق­‌ساخته بود. روایی پرسش‌نامه از طریق نظرات تعدادی از متخصصان مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. برای تعیین پایایی ابزار تحقیق آزمون مقدماتی انجام شد و مقدار آلفای کرونباخ برای متغیرهای تحقیق بین 71/0 تا 87/0 محاسبه شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد اکثریت زنان روستایی در رابطه با همه متغیرهای نظریه رفتار برنامه‌ریزی‌شده (نگرش، هنجارهای ذهنی، کنترل رفتار درک شده، نیت و رفتار) وضعیت مطلوبی داشتند. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد رفتار زیست­‌محیطی زنان روستایی بر اساس نوع شغل و وضعیت­ تأهل آنها متفاوت بود. همچنین سن و سطح سواد با رفتار زیست­محیطی زنان روستایی رابطه معنی‌­داری داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Relationship between Socio-demographic Characteristics and Environmental Behavior of Rural Women in Halilrood Watershed

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rezvan Mehni Raftar
  • Amir Naeimi

Department of Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this descriptive research was to analyze the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and the environmental behavior of rural women. The statistical population of the study was 1288 rural women in the Halil Rood watershed of Jiroft Township. Sample size determined 297 via using Krejcie and Morgan’s table. Sampling method was proportional stratified sampling. The research instrument was a researcher-designed questionnaire. Validity of the questionnaire confirmed by a panel of experts. To determine the reliability of the questionnaire, a pilot test was conducted. Then Cronbach’s Alpha was calculated. The value was between 0.71 to 0.87 for research variables. Research results showed that the majority of rural women had a desirable situation about all components of the theory of planned behavior (Attitude, Subjective Norms, Perceived Behavior Control, Intention, and Behavior). Research results also showed that the pro-environmental behavior of rural women was different according to their type of occupation and marital status. Also literacy and age had a significant relationship with pro-environmental behavior of rural women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Women
  • Demographics Variables
  • Pro-Environmental Behavior
  • Theory of Planned Behavior
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