با همکاری مشترک دانشگاه پیام نور و انجمن مطالعات برنامه درسی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار بخش جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

2 دانشجوی دکتری جامعه‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

این مقاله با بهره­گیری از روش پیمایشی به بررسی رفتار محیط‌زیستی دانشجویان دانشگاه شیراز و رابطه آن با نگرانی محیط‌زیستی، استفاده از منابع اطلاعاتی آگاهی محیط‌زیستی و برخی متغیرهای جمعیت­شناختی پرداخته است. جامعه آماری کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه شیراز بوده‌اند که تعداد 400 نفر به‌عنوان حجم نمونه تعیین و با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری خوشه‌ای متناسب با حجم نمونه‌ها انتخاب شدند. متغیر رفتار محیط‌زیستی با استفاده از مقیاس رفتار محیط‌زیستی بکار گرفته‌شده توسط میرفردی و همکاران (Mirfardi et al., 2017)، متغیر منابع اطلاعاتی آگاهی محیط‌زیستی با استفاده از مقیاس منابع اطلاعاتی آگاهی محیط‌زیستی بکار گرفته‌شده توسط پازوکی نژاد و صالحی (Pazokinejad & Salehi.,2014) و متغیر نگرانی محیط‌زیستی با استفاده از مقیاس محقق­ساخته سنجیده شدند. برای تعیین اعتبار پرسشنامه از اعتبار سازه و صوری استفاده شده است . برای تعیین پایایی مقیاس رفتار محیط‌زیستی و نگرانی محیط‌زیستی، از هماهنگی درونی ابزار به روش آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شده است که مقدار آن برای رفتار محیط‌زیستی برابر با 55/0، منابع اطلاعاتی آگاهی محیط‌زیستی برابر با 68/0 و برای نگرانی محیط‌زیستی برابر با 74/0 بوده است. داده‌های پرسشنامه به‌وسیله نرم‌افزار SPSS تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که متغیر وابسته (رفتار محیط‌زیستی) با متغیرهای نگرانی محیط‌زیستی، منابع اطلاعاتی آگاهی محیط‌زیستی و سن در سطح 99 درصد رابطه مستقیم و معناداری دارد. همچنین رفتار محیط‌زیستی زنان و مردان در سطح 95 درصد دارای تفاوت معناداری بود. نتیجه اینکه نگرانی محیط‌زیستی و سن افراد، نقش مهمی در رفتار محیط‌زیستی دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Environmental Behavior of Shiraz University Students and its Relationship with Environmental Concern and Environmental Awareness Informative Resources

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Mirfardi 1
  • Dorna Salamatian 2

1 Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Shiraz University, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student of Sociology, Shiraz University, Iran

چکیده [English]

Natural environment and its troubles are prevalent. Environment conservation requires appropriate pro-environmental behaviors. Thus, this paper aimed to investigate the environmental behavior (EB) and its relationship to environmental concern, using environmental awareness Informative resources and some demographic factors such as gender and age among Iranian university students (the case of Shiraz University students). Using a survey method and a structured questionnaire, 400 students were studied in Iran. The environmental behavior scale (Mirfardi et al., 2017) and self- administered environmental concern scale were used for measuring the variables. The samples were selected via clustering sampling with the appropriated size. Face validity and factor analysis were used for the validity and Croanbach’s Alpha (environmental behavior= 0.55; environmental concern= 0.77; use of environmental awareness informative resources, 0.68) for the reliability evaluation. Findings showed that there was a direct and significant relationship between the variables of age, and environmental concern as well as the environmental awareness informative resources as independent variables and the pro-environmental behavior as the dependent variable (p. < o.oo1) Also, the environmental behavior variable showed a significant difference with the gender variable. This study showed that environmental concern, and age have important roles in the formation of environmental behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Behavior
  • Environmental Concern
  • Environmental Awareness Informative Resources
  • Gender
  • Shiraz
Abaszade, M. & Karimzade, S. (2017). “Women’s position on environment: a qualitative approach. Journal of Social Problems of Iran, 8(2), 122-150. [In Persian].
Aghili, M. Khoshfar, G. & Salehi, S. (2009). “Social Capital and Environmental Responsible Behaviours in the North of Iran (Case Study: Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan Provinces)”. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, 16(1), 236-250. [In Persian].
Ahmadi, A. Meshkini, Gh. & Saber Demirchi. H. (2017). “Investigating the relationship between gender and environmental citizenship (case study of tehran 3rd, 11th and 19th Districts) . Women's Studied, 8(21), 1-18. [In Persian].
Ajzen, I. (2004). “Constructing a TpB questionnaire: conceptual and methodological considerations. availableat: pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0574/b20bd58130dd5a961f1a2db10fd1fcbae95d.pdf.
Banifatemeh, H. Roostaee, Sh. Alizadeh Aghdam, M. & Hosseinnejad, F. (2013). “ The Steady of Relation between Social Capital and Environmental Life Styles among Citizens of Tabriz City. Economis Sociology and Development, 1 (2), 32-56. [In Persian].
Barber, N. Taylor, C. & Strick, S. (2009). “Wine consumers’ environmental knowledge and attitudes: Influence on willingness to purchase. International Journal of Wine research, 1(1), 59-72. doi: 10.2147/Ijwr.s4649.
Barry, J. (2001). “Environmental and social theory”, Translated by Hassan Snoopy & Nayereh Tavakoli, Tehran: department of environment, the first edition. [In Persian].
Beck, U. (1992). “Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity”, London: Sage.
Beck, U. (1998). “Risk society revisited: theory, politics and research programs”, in adam, B.Y.
Botetzagias, L. Dima, A.F. Malesios, C. (2015). “Extending the theory of planned behavior in the context of recycling: the role of moral norms and of demographic”. predictors resources, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 95, 58–67.
Casaló, L. V. & Escario, J. J. (2018). “Heterogeneity in the association between environmental attitudes and pro-environmental behavior: a multilevel regression approach”. Journal of Cleaner Production, 175, 155-163.
Chan, R. Y. (2001). “Determinants of Chinese consumers' green purchase behavior”. Psychology & Marketing, 18(4), 389-413. doi: 10.1002/mar.1013.
Dankelman, I. (2005). “Women: agent of changes for the environment”.www.aaws07.org/english3/speech/5.2.IreneDankelman.pdf accessed on 07/05/2013
Davidson, D. J. & Freudenburg, W. R. (1996). “Gender and environmental risk concerns”: A review and analysis of available research. Environment and behavior28(3), 302-339.‏
Dunlap, R. E. and Van Liere, K. D., (1978). “The new environmental paradigm: A proposed measuring instrumental and preliminary results”. Journal of Environmental Education, 9, (10) pp. 10-19.
Fielding, K. S. McDonald, R. Louis, W. R. (2008). “Theory of planned behavior, identity and intentions to engage in environmental activism”. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28 (4), 318-326.
Frankel, J. A. (2003). The environment and Globalization”, NBER Working Paper No. 10090
Fransson, N. & Gärling, T. (1999). “Environmental Concern: Conceptual Definitions, Measurement Methods and Research Findings”. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19 (4),369-382.
Frytyev, K. (2010). “Hidden ties: Combining the Biological, Cognitive and Social Spheres of Life in Sustainability”. Translated by Mohammad Hariri Akbari, Tehran: Ney. [In Persian]
Ghaderi, N. Choupani S. & Salehi, S. (2015). “A Study of Social Factors affecting on Environmental Attitudes and Behavior in the Marivan City”, Zanko Medical Science, 16 (48): 10-18.
Ghasemi, M. A. (2009). “Risk Society and Its Implications to Strategic Studies. Strategic Studied Quarterly, 12(45): 27-47. [In Persian].
Giddens, A. (2001). “Runaway World How Globalization is Reshaping Our Lives”. translated by Ali Asghar Saeedi and Yousef Haji Abdolvahab, Tehran: Publication of Science and Technology, First Edition.
Godin, G. & Kok, G. (1996). “The model of planned behavior: a review of its applications to health related behaviors”. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11(2) 87-98.
 Goldblatt, D. (1996). “Social Theory and the Environment”, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Guillén, M. Moreno Serrano, R. & Toro, F. (2019). “Who pollutes more? Gender differences in consumptions patterns”. IREA–Working Papers, 2019, IR19/06.
Hajizadeh-Meymandi, M. Sayar-Khalag, H. Shokohefar, K. (2015). “ultural and environmental factors among residents in Yazd”. Quarterly Journal of Socio - Cultural Development Studies. 3 (3). Pp. 9-32. [In Persian].
Hedlund, T. (2011). “The impact of values, environmental concern, and willingness to accept economic sacrifices to protect the environment on tourists’ intentions to buy ecologically sustainable tourism alternatives”. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 11(4), 278-288. doi: 10.1177/1467358411423330.
Hunter, L. M. Hatch, A. Johnson, A. (2004). “Cross-national gender variation in environmental behaviors". Social Science Quarterly, 85, 677-694.
Kaiser, F. G. Wölfing, S. & Fuhrer, U. (1999). “Environmental attitude and ecological behavior”. Journal of environmental psychology, 19(1), 1-19.
kalantari, Kh. Shabanali, H. Asadi, A. & H. Movahed Mohamadi., (2007). “Investigating factors affecting environmental behavior of urban residents, a case study in Tehran city”. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3 (2): 67-74.
Kellstedt, P. Zahran, S. & Vedlitz, A. (2008). “Personal efficacy, the Information environment, and attitudes toward global warming and climate change in the United States”. Risk Analysis, 28 (1): 113-128. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01010.x.
Klockner, A. CH. (2013). “A comprehensive model of the psychology of environmental behavior- a meta-analysis”. Global Environmental Change, 23 (5), 1028–1038.
Kollmuss, A. & Agyeman, J. (2002). “Mind the gap: why do people act Environmentally and what are the barriers to pro-environmental behavior? ”. Environmental education research, 8(3), 239-260.‏ doi:13504620220145401/10/1080.
Mahdavi. S. M. Vaziri, R. (2010). “ A survey on the effect of social-cultural factors on the university utudent's attitude-science and research in 2009”. Social Research, 3 (7): 19-46. [In Persian].
Mazloomy MahmoodAbad, S. Mehri, A. Morovati SharifAbad, M. A. & Fallahzadeh, H. (2007). “Application of extended model of planned behavior in predicting helmet wearing among motorcyclist clerks in Yazd (2006) ”. Birjan university of Medical Science, 14(4), 9-15. [In Persian].
Millfont, T.L. Duckitt, J, & Cameron, L.D. (2006). “A Cross-cultural study of environmental motive concerns and their implications for proenvironmental behavior”. Journal of Environmental and Behavior, 38(6), PP. 745-767.
Mirfardi, A. Heydari, A. & Damsaz, T. (2017). “Study the effect of responsibility on the environmental behavior by media mediating (Case study: Ahvaz) ”. Journal of Environmental Education and Sustainable Development,6 (1), 58-65. [In Persian].
Motaghi, A. Hemati Goyomi, Z. (2013). “Tourism and the Environment: (Review of opportunities, environmental concern and environmental behaviors among tourists of Bushehr) ”. Tourist Planning and Development, 1(3), 148- 165. [In Persian].
Naeimi, R. Mousapour, K. & Rezaei, R. (2018). “Analysis of Environmental Factors Affecting Environmental Conservation Behavior of Villagers in Baghmalek Township”. Khuzestan Province, Iranian Agricultural Extension and Education Journal14(1), 1-22.
Nosrati, F. Serajzadeh, H & Dehool, M. (2016). “Sociological explanations of environmental behavior (Case Study: Tehran citizens)”. Sustainable Develooment Geoghrafical Enviroment, 1(1), 1-18. [In Persian]
Pazokinejad, Z. & Salehi, S. (2014). “An Analysis of Social Factors Influencing Studentsâ Environmental Attitudes and Performance”. Journal of Apllied Sociology, 25(3), 71-88. [In Persian].
Pisano, I. & Lubell, M. (2017). “Environmental behavior in cross-national perspective: A multilevel analysis of 30 countries”. Environment and Behavior, 49(1), 31-58.‏
Ritzer, G. & Goodman, D. (2011). “Modern Sociology Theory, McGraw-Hill publisher”, Translated by Khalil Mirzaee and Abbas Lotfizadeh, Tehran: Sociologists Publishing, First Edition. [In Persian].
Ritzer, G. (2005). “Contemporary Sociological Theory, Alfred a Knopf Inc publisher”, Translated by Mohsen Solati, Tehran, Scientific publication, Fourth edition. [In Persian].
Salehi, S. (2010). “People and the environment: A Study of Environmental Attitudes and Behavior in Iran”, Lambert Academic Publishing. [In Persian].
Salehi, S. (2017). “The effect of parenting styles of parents on children's environmental behavior”. Enviromental Natural Resources and Sustainable Development studies Journal, 1(2): 104-93. [In Persian].
Salehi. S. Emamgholi, L. (2013). “Effect of Social Capital on Environmental Behavior Case Study: Kurdistan Province”. Iranian Sosiological association, 13 (4): 92-120. [In Persian].
Sandoghi, A. & Raheli, H. (2017). “Extending the model of planned behavior to predict the intention of producing organic Products Among Isfahan Cucumber Greenhouse owners by moral norm variable. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development,15(47), 961-974. [In Persian].
Schlegelmilch, B. B. Bohlen, G. M. & Diamantopoulos, A. (1996). “The link between green purchasing decisions and measures of environmental consciousness”. European Journal of marketing, 30 (5), 35-55. doi: 03090569610118740/10/1108.
Shiraz university (2018). “An Internal Report of Students Statistics”, Education office in: http://shirazu.ac.ir/fa/Amuzesh/Courses.
Soleiman Pouromran, M. Alidadiyani, F. & Sodagar, H. (2017). “Globalization, politics and environmental literacy: a history of schools and environmental theorists”, Environment, 2 (58): 43-56. [In Persian].
Stern, P. C. Dietz, T. & Kalof, L. (1993). “Value orientations, gender, and environmental concern”. Environment and Behavior, 25(5): 322-348.‏
Surin, W. & Tankard, J. (2007). “Communication Theories (origins, methods and suses in the mass media) ”, translated by Alireza Dehghan, Tehran: Tehran University Press. [In Persian].
Tam, K. P. & Chan, H. W. (2017). “Environmental concern has a weaker association with pro-environmental behavior in some societies than others: A cross-cultural psychology perspective”. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 53: 213-223.
Taylor, S. Todd, P. (1997). “Understanding the determinants of consumer composting behavior”. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27(7), 602-628.
Turner, B. S. (1994). “Orientalism, Postmodernism and Globalism”, London & New York: Routledge.
Turner, B. S. (2006). “The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology”, Cambridge University Press.
Warren, K. J. (2000). “Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters”, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers: Newyork.
Weimer, R. & Joseph R. (2005). “Mass media research: an Introduction”, Translated by Kavous Sayyed Emami, Tehran: Soroush Publications. [In Persian].
Xiao, C. McCright, A. M. (2015). “Gender differences in environmental concern: Revisiting the institutional trust hypothesis in USA”. Environment and Behavior, 47, 17-37. doi:10.1177/0013916513491571.
Zelezny, C. Chau, P. & Aldrich, C. (2000). “Elaborating on gender differences in environmentalism statistical data included”. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3): 1-18.