تحلیل محتوای فیلم‌های آموزشی شبکه شاد و کتب علوم تجربی دوره‌‌ اول ابتدایی بر اساس آموزش حفاظت محیط‌زیست

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، تحلیل محتوای فیلم‌های آموزشی شبکه شاد و کتب علوم تجربی دوره اول ابتدایی به لحاظ توجه به آموزش‌های حفاظت محیط‌زیست بود. روش پژوهش کمی و از نوع تحلیل محتوای توصیفی بر اساس مقوله‌های حفاظت محیط‌زیست و نیز جامعه‌ی آماری شامل 52 فیلم آموزشی شبکه شاد و کتب علوم تجربی جدیدالتألیف دوره اول ابتدایی در سال تحصیلی1399-1400 بود. نمونه‌ی آماری برابر با جامعه آماری در نظر گرفته شد. نمونه بر اساس 9 مقوله اصلی و 33 مقوله فرعی، به شیوه‌ی کدگذاری قیاسی، بررسی شد. ابزار پژوهش چک‌لیست مقوله‌های آموزش حفاظت محیط‌زیست بود، به‌گونه‌ای که چک‌لیست اولیه ابتدا از پژوهش کرامتی و احمدآبادی (2018) انتخاب گردید و روایی آن توسط صاحب‌نظران تأیید گردید. جهت تأمین پایایی ابزار اندازه‌گیری، از فرمول هولستی استفاده و درصد توافق 1/78% حاصل گردید. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن بود که در محتوای موردبررسی، به آلاینده‌های طبیعی و مصنوعی خاک و آلاینده‌های نوری، پرداخته نشده است و در مقایسه پایه‌ها، توجه فیلم‌های شبکه شاد و کتب علوم تجربی به مقوله‌های آموزش محیط‌زیست، در پایه سوم ابتدایی نسبت به دوپایه دیگر، به‌صورت قابل‌توجهی کمتر بود و این محدودیت در پایه سوم، به‌عنوان نوعی ضعف برای محتوای آموزشی در این پایه، محسوب می‌شود. همچنین به‌طورکلی، فیلم‌های شبکه شاد در مقایسه با کتب علوم دوره اول ابتدایی، آموزش حفاظت محیط‌زیست را بیشتر موردتوجه قرار داده بود. اصول توالی و مداومت نیز در تدوین محتوای موردبررسی، در دوره اول ابتدایی مشاهده نشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Content Analysis of Shad Network Educational Videos and Experimental Science Books of the First Elementary Course Based on Environmental Protection Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ava Kondori 1
  • monire salehi 2
1 Undergraduate Student of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to analyze the content of educational network educational videos and experimental science books of the first elementary school in terms of their attention to the environmental protection education. The research method was quantitative and descriptive content analysis based on the categories of environmental protection and also the statistical population included 52 educational network videos and new experimental science books written in the first year of elementary school in the academic year 2020-2021. The statistical sample was considered equal to the statistical population. The sample was analyzed based on 9 main categories and 33 sub-categories by deductive coding method. The research tool was a checklist of environmental protection education categories, so that the initial checklist was first selected from Keramati and Ahmadabadi (2018) research and its validity was confirmed by experts. To ensure the reliability of the measuring instrument, the Holstie formula was used and the agreement percentage was 78.1%. The findings showed that the content of the study did not address natural and artificial soil pollutants and light pollutants. The other two grades were significantly lower, and this limitation in the third grade is considered as a weakness for the educational content in this grade. Also, in general, the films of Shad Network paid more attention to the environmental protection education than the science books of the first elementary school. The principles of sequence and continuity were not observed in the compilation of the studied content in the first elementary period.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environmental Protection Education
  • content analysis
  • Shad Network training videos
  • Experimental Science Books
  • The first elementary course
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